Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Domnall (Donald II) mac Causantin Dasachtach, King of Scots 889-900

Domnall (Donald II) mac Causantin Dasachtach, King of Scots 889-900[1]

Male Abt 855 - 900  (~ 45 years)

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  • Name Domnall (Donald II) mac Causantin Dasachtach 
    Suffix King of Scots 889-900 
    Born Abt 855  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Domnall mac Causantin, anglicised as Donald II, was the son of Constantine I, king of Scots. He is given the epithet Dasachtach, \'the Madman\', by the Prophecy of Berchán.

    Donald became king on the death or deposition of Giric (Giric mac Dungail), the date of which is not certainly known but usually placed in 889. The _Chronicle of the Kings of Alba_ reports: \'Doniualdus son of Constantini held the kingdom for 11 years (889-900). The Northmen wasted Pictland at this time. In his reign a battle occurred between Danes and Scots at Innisibsolian where the Scots had victory. He was killed at Opidum Fother (modern Dunnottar) by the Gentiles.\'

    It had been suggested that the attack on Dunnottar, rather than being a small raid by a handful of pirates, may be associated with the ravaging of Scotland attributed to Harald I Haarfagre (\'Fairhair\'), king of Norway, in the _Heimskingla._ The Prophecy of Berchán places Donald\'s death in Dunnottar, but appears to attribute it to Gaels rather than Norsemen; other sources report he died at Forres. Donald\'s death is dated to 900 by the Annals of Ulster and the _Chronicon Scotorum,_ where he is called king of Alba, rather than king of the Picts. He was buried on Iona.

    The change from king of the Picts to king of Alba is seen as indicating a step towards the kingdom of the Scots, but historians, while divided as to when this change should be placed, do not generally attribute it to Donald in view of his epithet. The consensus view is that the key changes occurred in the reign of Constantine II (Causantin mac Aeda), but the reign of Giric has also been proposed.

    The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba has Donald succeeded by his cousin Constantine II. Donald\'s son Malcolm (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill) was later king as Malcolm I. The Prophecy of Berchán appears to suggest that another king reigned for a short while between Donald II and Constantine II, saying \'half a day will he take sovereignty\'. Possible confirmation of this exists in the _Chronicon Scotorum,_ where the death of \'Ead, king of the Picts\' in battle against Ui Imair is reported in 904. This, however, is thought to be an error, referring perhaps to Aedwulf, the ruler of Bernicia, whose death is reported in 913 by the other Irish annals.  [2
    Died 900  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Island of Iona, Western Islands, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I911  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 26 Mar 2018 

    Father Constantine I (Causant mac Cineada), King of Scots 863-877,   b. Est. 830,   d. 879  (Age ~ 49 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F492  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    +1. Mael Coluim (Malcolm I) mac Domnaill, King of Scots 942-954,   b. Abt 895,   d. 954  (Age ~ 59 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 4 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F491  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Constantine I, King of Scots or of Picts
    Constantine I, King of Scots or of Picts
    Donald II, King of Scots 889-900
    Donald II, King of Scots 889-900

  • Sources 
    1. [S17] Encyclopaedia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Constantine-I-king-of-Scotland.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00022618&tree=LEO.