Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

William De Braose, Lord of Brecknock, Wales

William De Braose, Lord of Brecknock, Wales[1]

Male 1200 - 1230  (30 years)

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  • Name William De Braose 
    Suffix Lord of Brecknock, Wales 
    Born 1200 
    Gender Male 
    History Son of Reginald de Braose and Gracia de Briwere, a scion of the Marcher lords. His grandmother and uncle were starved to death on the orders of King John in 1210. He married Eve Marshal, daughter of the famous William Marshal, and they had four daughters.

    William is best known as the lover of Joan, King John\'s illegitimate daughter and the wife of Llywelyn Fawr. Llywelyn caught them in his bedchamber and had William hanged. Sharon Kay Penman\'s novel \"Here Be Dragons\" is partly about William and Joan.  [2
    History William was born in 1204 in Brecknock, Surrey, the son of Reginald de Braose and Grace de Briwere. He married Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshal, 1st earl of Pembroke, and Isabel de Clare, suo Jure countess of Pembroke. They had four daughters, of whom three would have progeny.

    On 13 July 1228 King Henry III took his homage: \'The lord King took the homage of William de Braose (Will(elm)i de Braos) for the lands and tenements which Reginald de Braose, his father, held of the king in chief and which the same claims by hereditary right. Mandate to the Sheriff of Surrey, that security had been accepted from the same William for his relief for the lands and tenements which the same Reginald held of the King in chief in his bailiwick; and the same William is to be given seisin of the same lands and tenements without delay.\'

    William, known as \'Black William\', was lord of Brecknock and Abergavenny. He was quite possibly the cruellest and most hated of all the great Norman Marcher lords. Practically all the Marcher lords were forced to deal with a rebellious and resentful Welsh population in violent ways in order to protect their newly-awarded \'kingdoms\', but William time and time again seems to have gone out of his way to commit acts of cruelty that went beyond his contemporaries. Although some would say his family eventually got what they deserved, the extinction of the male line and a forfeiture of all lands, William de Braose stands out as an example of what the native Welsh population were up against, and why they rebelled so ferociously against the Norman invaders.

    On 2 May 1230 William was hanged by Llewelyn Fawr, prince of Wales, after he had been caught in Llywelyn\'s chamber with Joan of England, Llywelyn\'s wife, who was the daughter of King John.

    William\'s wife Eve continued to hold Braose lands and castles in her own right after the death of her husband. Dugdale mentions her as holder of Totnes in 1230. It is recorded in the Close Rolls (1234-7) that Henry III granted 12 marks to her to strengthen the castle at Hay. She died before 1246.  [1
    Died 2 May, 1230  Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I748  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 31 Mar 2018 

    Father Reginald de Braose,   d. Jun 1228, Carno, Powys, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Grecia de Briwere de Braose,   b. 1164, Stoke, Torridge District, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1223, Bramber, Horsham District, West Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F406  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Eva Marshal de Braose,   b. 1203, Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1246, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Maud de Braose,   b. 1224, Brecon, Powys, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Mar, 1300, Wigmore, herefordshire unitary Authority, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 24 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F405  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Eve Marshal,   b. 1202, Pembroke Castle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1246  (Age 44 years) 
    Married Bef 1221 
    Children 
    +1. Eva de Braose,   d. Bef 28 Jul 1255
    Last Modified 29 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1733  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    William De Braose the Younger
    William De Braose the Younger
    William De Braose hanged
    William De Braose hanged
    Wales, UK map
    Wales, UK map

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00029155&tree=LEO.

    2. [S3] Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/31481535/william-de_braose.