Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Queen Matilda of Scotland

Queen Matilda of Scotland

Female 1080 - 1118  (38 years)

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  • Name Matilda of Scotland 
    Prefix Queen 
    Born 1080  Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Matilda of Scotland (c. 1080 – 1 May 1118), originally christened Edith,[1] was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry I. She acted as regent of England in the absence of her spouse on several occasions.
    Matilda was the daughter of the English princess Saint Margaret and the Scottish king Malcolm III. At the age of about six Matilda was sent with her sister to be educated in a convent in southern England, where her aunt Cristina was abbess. It is not clear if she spent much time in Scotland thereafter. In 1093, when she was about 13, she was engaged to an English nobleman when her father and brother Edward were killed in a minor raid into England, and her mother died soon after; her fiancé then abandoned the proposed marriage. In Scotland a messy succession conflict followed between Matilda\'s uncle Donald III, her half-brother Duncan II and brother Edgar until 1097. Matilda\'s whereabouts during this no doubt difficult period are uncertain.
    But after the suspicious death of William II of England in 1100 and accession of his brother Henry I, Matilda\'s prospects improved. Henry moved quickly to propose to her. It is said that he already knew and admired her, and she may indeed have spent time at the English court. Edgar was now secure on the Scottish throne, offering the prospect of better relations between the two countries, and Matilda also had the considerable advantage of Anglo-Saxon royal blood, which the Norman dynasty largely lacked.[2] There was a difficulty about the marriage; a special church council was called to be satisfied that Matilda had not taken vows as a nun, which her emphatic testimony managed to convince them of.
    Matilda and Henry married in late 1100. They had two children who reached adulthood and two more who died young. Matilda led a literary and musical court, but was also pious. She embarked on building projects for the church, and took a role in government when her husband was away; many surviving charters are signed by her. Matilda lived to see her daughter Matilda become Holy Roman Empress but died two years before the drowning of her son William. Henry remarried, but had no further legitimate children, which caused a succession crisis known as The Anarchy. Matilda is buried in Westminster Abbey and was fondly remembered by her subjects as \"Matilda the Good Queen\" and \"Matilda of Blessed Memory\". There was an attempt to have her canonized, which was not pursued.  [1
    Died 1 May, 1118  Westminister Abbey, London, England, age 38 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I241  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2018 

    Father King Malcom III of Scotland,   b. Abt 1031, Athol, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov, 1093, Alnwick, Northumberland, England, age 62 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Saint Margaret of Wessex, Queen of Scotland,   b. Abt 1045, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov, 1093, Scotland, age 48 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F117  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family King Henri I of England, Beauclerc, Duc De Normandie,   b. 1068-1069, Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec, 1135, Lyons-La-Foret, Normandie, France, age 67 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Matilda of England, Empress Holy Roman Empire,   b. 7 Feb, 1102, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep, 1167, Normandie, France, age 65 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 
    Family ID F114  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Queen Matilda of Scotland
    Queen Matilda of Scotland

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_Scotland.