Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Berenguer Ramon I \'el Curvo\', Conde de Barcelona

Male Abt 1005 - 1035  (~ 30 years)

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  • Name Berenguer Ramon I \'el Curvo\'  
    Suffix Conde de Barcelona 
    Born Abt 1005 
    Gender Male 
    History Berenguer Ramon I \'el Curvo\' (\'the Crooked\' or \'the Hunchback\') was born about 1005, the son of Ramon Borell I, conde de Barcelona, Gerona and Osona, and Ermensinde de Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho \'the Great\' of Navarre.

    In 1021 he married Sancha of Castile, daughter of Sancho Garcia, conde de Castile, and Uracca Salvadores. They had two sons: his successor Ramon Berenguer I, and Sancho. Sancha died on 26 June 1026, and in 1027 he married Gisla de Lluca, daughter of Sunifredo II de Lluca, señor de Lluca y Vilanova, and Ermesonda de Balsareny. They had a son Guillermo in 1028 and a daughter (whom some sources name as Sibylle, though this is uncertain) who married Henri de Bourgogne and so was an ancestor of the kings of Portugal.

    Berenguer Ramon is an enigmatic historical figure, shrouded in contradictions and ambiguities. First, he was a man of peace, and throughout his reign peace ruled. He pacified his neighbours as well, bringing to heel the count of Urgel, Armengol II. He re-established amicable relations with Hugo I, conde de Ampurias, and maintained them with Guillermo I, conde de Besalu et de Ripoll, and Wilfredo II of Cerdagne. He was a son of the church who maintained relations with the papacy and made a pilgrimage to Rome in 1032. On many occasions he travelled to Zaragoza and Navarre to discuss with Sancho III \'the Great\', king of Navarre their mutual stance against the counts of Toulouse. His confidantes and councillors were the Abbot Oliva, the judge Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora, and the bishops Pedro of Girona y Deudado of Barcelona. In 1025 he decreed that the properties of entails (men holding land in fee tail) were free from taxation.

    On the other hand, the government of Berenguer Ramon I lacked real authority. Upon the death of his father in 1018, Berenguer Ramon was a minor and his mother Ermensinde was regent until 1023. But even when he attained his majority, his mother would not relinquish the powers of regency and reigned with him. According to some chroniclers, Berenguer\'s character left some things to be desired. He is described as weak and indecisive. Moreover, his policy of peace with the Moors was a bone of contention with the nobles, who saw war with Islam as a way of obtaining glory, wealth, and possibly even salvation. This led some nobles to act outside his wishes. Ermensinde was energetic and decisive, intent on imposing the authority of Barcelona on them. However, as a woman her ability to exercise control over the military was greatly impeded.

    The obliteration of his comital authority became very evident shortly before Berenguer\'s death in 1035. He partitioned his patrimony among his sons: Ramon Berenger I received Girona and Barcelona as far as Llobregat; Sancho received the frontier land from the Llobregat to the Moorish lands, which constituted the county of Penedès with its capital in Olèrdola; and Guillermo received Ausona.

    Berenguer Ramon I died on 26 May 1035 and was buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll. He was succeeded in Barcelona and Gerona by Ramon Berenguer I in the new county by Sancho and in Ausona by Guillermo.  [1
    Died 26 May 1035 
    Person ID I2366  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 22 Mar 2018 

    Father Ramon Borrell I, Conde de Barcelona, Gerona & Osona,   b. 972,   d. 25 Feb 1018  (Age 46 years) 
    Mother Ermensinde de Carcassonne,   b. Abt 972,   d. 1 Mar 1057  (Age ~ 85 years) 
    Married 990/991 
    Family ID F1512  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Gisla de Lluca,   d. Aft 1079 
    Married 1027 
    +1. Sybille De Barcelone,   b. 1040
    Last Modified 22 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1510  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00026696&tree=LEO.