Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Jaime I \'the conqueror\', King of Aragon 1213-1276

Jaime I \'the conqueror\', King of Aragon 1213-1276[1]

Male 1208 - 1276  (68 years)

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  • Name Jaime I \'the conqueror\'  
    Suffix King of Aragon 1213-1276 
    Born 13 Feb 1208  Montpellier Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Jaime I \'the Conqueror\', king of Aragón, was born on 12 February 1208, the only child of Pedro II of Aragón and Marie of Montpellier. His maternal grandparents were Guillem VIII de Montpellier, seigneur de Montpellier, Castries et Castelnau, and Eudokia Komnena.

    As a child Jaime was a pawn of power politics in Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles in the wars between the Cathars of Albi and Simon de Montfort, 5th earl of Leicester. Pedro endeavoured to placate the northern Crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son Jaime and Simon\'s daughter, entrusting the boy to be educated in Montfort\'s care in 1211, but Pedro was soon forced to take up arms against them, and he was slain at the Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213. Montfort would willingly have used Jaime as a means of extending his own power. The Aragónese and Catalans, however, appealed to Pope Innocent III, who forced Montfort to surrender him in May or June 1214.

    Jaime was now entrusted to the care of Guillem de Monredon, the head of the Knights Templar in Spain and Provence, and the regency fell to his great uncle Sancho, count of Roussillon, and his son, the king\'s cousin Nuño. The kingdom was given over to confusion until in 1216 the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Zaragoza.

    Jaime was a remarkable man, gallant, boastful and eccentric. After a false start at uniting Aragón with the kingdom of Navarre through a scheme of mutual adoption, Jaime was only in his 20s when he turned to the south and the Mediterranean sea; he conquered the Balearic Islands (Majorca in 1229, Menorca in 1232, and Ibiza in 1235) and Valencia (the city capitulated on 28 September 1238).

    Having had his marriage to Eleonore of Castile annulled in 1229, on 8 September 1235 Jaime married Violante of Hungary, daughter of András II, king of Hungary and his second wife Yolande de Courtenay, the daughter of Pierre II de Courtenay, emperor of Constantinople and Yolande of Flanders. Jaime and Violante had ten children, of whom four would have progeny, including his heir Pedro, the future Pedro III, king of Aragón. Jaime had numerous illegitimate children with various mistresses.

    With the French, Jaime endeavoured to form a state straddling the Pyrenees, to counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. As with the earlier Visigothic attempt, this policy was victim of physical, cultural and political obstacles. As in the case of Navarre, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. By the treaty of Corbeil with Louis IX, signed in May 1258, he deliberately withdrew from conflict with the French king, and was content with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated and illusory French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia.

    During his remaining two decades, Jaime warred with the Moors in the emirate of Murcia on behalf of his son-in-law Alfonso X \'the Wise\' of Castile. He was nearly sixty when he personally led his army and added the emirate of Murcia to his kingdom. As a legislator and organiser he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. The favour he showed his illegitimate offspring led to protest from the nobles, and to conflict between his sons legitimate and illegitimate. When one of the latter, the son of Blanca de Antillón, Fernan Sanchez, who had behaved with gross ingratitude and committed treason against his father, was slain by the legitimate son Pedro, the old king recorded his grim satisfaction.

    In his later years he preferred to spend his time in dalliance with his mistresses. He was the only monarch who accepted Pope Gregory X\'s invitation to mount a Crusade. However his good sense, both too shrewd and too weary, kept him out of any involvement; this he preferred to leave to his son.

    Having preserved his vigour to the last, he was little troubled by his excommunication by the Pope for his last illicit love affaire. At the close of his life Jaime divided his lands between his sons by Violante of Hungary. Pedro received the Hispanic possession on the mainland and Jaime the kingdom of Majorca (the Balearic Islands and the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya) and the lordship of Montpellier, a division which inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. Jaime fell very ill at Alzira and resigned his crown, intending to retire to the monastery of Poblet, but he died at Valencia on 7 July 1276, a king for sixty-three years.

    At various times Jaime wrote or dictated stages of a chronicle of his own life, _Libre Dels Feitz,_ in Catalan, which is the first self-chronicle of a Christian king. As well as a fine example of autobiography, the _Book of Deeds_ expresses concepts of the power and purpose of monarchy, examples of loyalty and treachery in the feudal order, the growth of national sentiment based on homeland, language and culture, and medieval military tactics.  [2
    Died 25 Jul 1276  Xativa Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I2080  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 10 Mar 2018 

    Father Pedro II, King of Aragon 1196=1213,   b. 1176,   d. 13 Sep 1213, Muret Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Marie, de Montpellier, Dam de Montpellier, Dame de Muret,   b. Abt 1183,   d. 21 Apr 1213, Rome Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 30 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Married 5 Jun 1204 
    Family ID F1325  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Violante, of Hungary,   b. Abt 1216,   d. 1251, Huesca Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    +1. Isabelle D'Aragon,   b. 1227,   d. 1271, France, age 24 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)
    Last Modified 10 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1314  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Jaime I \'the Conqueror\' of Aragon,
    Jaime I \'the Conqueror\' of Aragon,

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_Aragon.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004825&tree=LEO.