Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Vermundo I (BermudoI) 'The Deacon or the Monk', King of Asturias

Vermundo I (BermudoI) 'The Deacon or the Monk', King of Asturias[1]

Male Abt 750 - 866  (~ 116 years)

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  • Name Vermundo I (BermudoI) 'The Deacon or the Monk'  
    Suffix King of Asturias 
    Born Abt 750 
    Gender Male 
    History Vermudo was born about 750, the son of Fruela, duca di Cantabria. Called \'el Diacono\' (the Deacon or the Monk), he was king of Asturias from 788 or 789 until his abdication in 791. The nature of the end of his reign ushered in a new period in Asturian-Arab relations.

    Vermudo was elected by the palatine officials (the nobility of the royal palace) to succeed, as king of Asturias, Mauregatus \'the Usurper\', who had died of natural causes in 788. Since Mauregatus had ascended the throne in a coup d\'├ętat with regional support in 783 and the succession of Vermudo proceeded without incident, it is probable that Mauregatus had procured a change in the ranks of the palatine nobility and that Vermudo was thus put forward, like Mauregatus, as the candidate of prevent the succession to the throne of Asturias of Alfonso II, the son and heir of Fruela I \'the Cruel\', king of Asturias. Though the _Chronicle of Alfonso III_ in both its versions makes Vermudo out to be a deacon at his succession, this fact would only reinforce the notion that his election was a determined move to oppose Alfonso.

    In any case he did not reign long. He was forced to defend against an Arab-Berber invasion of Alava and Galicia and was defeated in battle \'in Burbia\', probably the Bierzo, in 791. Though the closest Christian sources do not name his opponents, the battle can be linked with the first major engagement of a series of aggressive campaigns launched against the Asturian kingdom in the 790s. The Muslim commander at Burbia is named in Ibn al-Athir as Yusuf ibn Bukht and the battle is likewise recorded by the 17th century historian Ahmed Mohammed al-Maqqari. Vermudo abdicated his throne after his defeat, though whether of his own volition (as the _Chronicle of Alfonso III_ states, \'because he was [or remembered he was] a deacon\') or forced is unknown. Historically in Spain under the Visigoths, a king of proven military inadequacy was often forced to abdicate. Nevertheless he was considered a generous and illustrious man in his time, \'merciful and pious\' in the words of the _Codex Vigilanus (Albeldensis),_ the illuminated compilation of various historical documents from the Visigothic period in Spain.

    Vermudo, who was succeeded by Alfonso II, left behind a son, who later reigned as Ramiro I, by his wife Usenda. He reportedly lived until 797, perhaps as a monk, and on good terms with his successor.  [2
    Died 27 May, 866 
    Person ID I1649  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2018 

    Father Fruela, Duca de Cantabria,   d. Abt 765 
    Family ID F1008  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Usenda,   d. yes 
    Children 
    +1. Ramiro I, King of Asturias,   b. Abt 790,   d. 1 Feb, 850  (Age ~ 60 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1007  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Vermudo I \'The Deacon) King of Asturias
    Vermudo I \'The Deacon) King of Asturias

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermudo_I_of_Asturias.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00199440&tree=LEO.