Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Gerberga von Sachsen (of Saxony) (of France)

Gerberga von Sachsen (of Saxony) (of France)

Female Abt 913 - 984  (~ 71 years)

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  • Name Gerberga von Sachsen (of Saxony) (of France) 
    Born Abt 913 
    Gender Female 
    History BIOGRAPHY
    Gerberga was born about 913, the oldest daughter of Emperor Heinrich I \'the Fowler\' and his second wife Mathilde von Ringelheim; she was a member of the Ottonian dynasty and a descendant of Charlemagne. Contemporary sources describe her as a highly educated, intelligent and forceful political player.

    In 928 Gerberga married her first husband Giselbert, duke of Lorraine, son of Reginar I, duke of Lorraine, count in Hainault, and his wife Alberade, They had four children, of whom Alverade and Gerberge would have progeny.

    Jocundus, a Lotharingia chronicler writing in the 1070s, recorded that Gerberga was the driving force behind Giselbert\'s decision to support her younger brother Heinrich when he rebelled against her older brother Otto I about 936. Giselbert was defeated by Otto I in 939 at the Battle of Andernach and, while trying to escape, he drowned in the Rhine.

    Gerberga was about 26 when Giselbert died. That year she married Louis IV \'d\'Outremer\', king of France, son of Charles III \'the Simple\', king of France, and Eadgifu of Wessex, a daughter of Edward \'the Elder\', king of England. They had eight children, of whom Lothar I, Charles and Mahaut would have progeny.

    Louis died in 954, when their son Lothar was only thirteen. Gerberga took action to ensure that Lothar could succeed his father. She reached an agreement with her brother-in-law Hugues \'the Great\', duke of The Franks, comte de Paris, who had been an adversary to Lothar\'s father. In exchange for supporting Lothar\'s rule Hugues was given rule over Aquitaine and much of Burgundy. Gerberga did not seek the support of her brother, Emperor Otto I, because the interference of the East-Frankish emperor in West-Frankish affairs would have placed the West-Frankish kingdom in a weak position politically and angered the West-Frankish nobles.

    After the death of Hugues \'the Great\' in 956, Gerberga and her sister Hadevich, Hugues\' widow, were the heads of the two most powerful dynasties in West Francia. Along with their brother Bruno, who was both archbishop of Cologne and duke of Lotharingia, Gerberga and Hadevich ruled the kingdom until Lothar came of age.

    In 959, after Lothar had come of age, Gerberga became abbess of the Benedictine monastery of Notre Dame in Soissons. Nevertheless she remained politically active. In 961 she was involved in choosing the new archbishop of Reims, Odalric. In 965 she was present at the imperial court in Cologne, when her son Lothar married Emma of Italy, the step-daughter of her brother Emperor Otto I.

    There is some debate about when Gerberga died. She is last documented in May 968. Since necrology records indicate that she died on 5 May, her date of death is often given as 968 or 969, but others maintain that Gerberga did not die until 984. She is buried in the Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims, Champagne.



    Sources 
    [S00028] ~Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser .
    1961   [1
    History Family[edit]
    Gerberga was born c.913. She was the oldest daughter of Henry the Fowler, King of Germany, and his second wife, Matilda. Her older brother was Otto I of Germany.

    First marriage[edit]
    In 929, Gerberga married her first husband, Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine.[1] They had four children:

    Alberade of Lorraine b. about 929. Married Renaud (originally as Ragenold), a Viking chieftain who became the Count of Roucy
    Henry, Duke of Lorraine b. about 932
    Gerberge of Lorraine b. about 935. Married Adalbert I of Vermandois.
    Wiltrude, b. about 937.
    Jocundus, a Lotharingia chronicler writing in the 1070s, recorded that Gerberga was the driving force behind Gilbert\'s decision to support her younger brother Henry when he rebelled against her older brother Otto I c.936.[2] Gilbert was defeated by Otto I in 939 at the Battle of Andernach and, while trying to escape, drowned in the Rhine.

    Second marriage[edit]
    When Gilbert died, Gerberga was about 26 years old. She married secondly Louis IV of France in 939. They were parents to eight children:

    Lothair of France (941–986)
    Matilda b. about 943; married Conrad of Burgundy
    Hildegarde b. about 944
    Carloman b. about 945
    Louis b. about 948
    Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine (953–993)
    Alberade b. before 953
    Henry b. about 953
    Widowhood[edit]
    As regent[edit]
    Louis IV died on 10 September 954. At this time, his son and heir with Gerberga, Lothair of France, was only thirteen. Gerberga took action to ensure that Lothar could succeed his father. She reached an agreement with her brother-in-law Hugh the Great, who had been an adversary to Lothair\'s father.[3] In exchange for supporting Lothair\'s rule Hugh was given rule over Aquitaine and much of Burgundy[4] Gerberga did not seek the support of her brother, Emperor Otto I, because the interference of the East-Frankish emperor in West-Frankish affairs would have placed the West-Frankish kingdom in a weak position politically, and angered the West-Frankish nobles.

    After the death of Hugh the Great in 956, Gerberga and her sister Hadwig (who was Hugh\'s widow) were the heads of the two most powerful dynasties in West Francia. Along with their brother, Bruno, who was both archbishop of Cologne and duke of Lotharingia, Gerberga and Hadwig ruled the kingdom, until Lothair came of age.[5]

    As abbess[edit]
    In 959, after Lothair had come of age, Gerberga became abbess of the Benedictine monastery of Notre Dame in Soissons. Nevertheless, she remained politically active. In 961 she was involved in choosing the new archbishop of Reims, Odalric. In 965 she was present at the imperial court in Cologne, when her son Lothair married Emma of Italy, the step-daughter of her brother Emperor Otto I.

    Death[edit]
    There is some debate about when Gerberga died.[6] She is last documented in May 968. Since necrology records indicate that she died on 5 May, her date of death is often given as 968 or 969,[7] The death date of 5 May 968 is not possible since Gerberga was still alive on 17 May 968 so her death date could only be in 969 or later some maintain that Gerberga did not die until 984.[8] She is buried in the Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims, Champagne.  [2
    Died 5 May, 984  Reims Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims, Champagne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1144  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 16 Mar 2018 

    Father Heinrich I 'The Fowler', King of the Romans,   b. 876,   d. 2 Jul, 936, Royal Palace in Memleben Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Saint Mathilde von Ringelheim,   b. Abt 890/895, Engern, Westfalen Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Mar, 968  (Age ~ 73 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F684  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Giselbert, Duke of Lorraine,   b. 888,   d. 2 Oct, 939, Andernach Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Alverade, de Lorraine,   b. Abt 930,   d. yes
    Last Modified 8 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F683  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Louis IV \'d\'Outremer\', King of France,   b. Abt 920,   d. 10 Sep 954, Reims Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 34 years) 
    Married Abt 939 
    Children 
    +1. Charles, Duc de Lorraine,   b. 953, Laon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jun, 993, Orleans Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1103  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Louis IV \'d\'Outremer\', King of France,   b. Abt 920,   d. 10 Sep 954, Reims Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 34 years) 
    Married 939 
    Children 
    +1. Mahaut (Matilda), de France,   b. 943,   d. 25 Nov 982/991  (Age 48 years)
    Last Modified 27 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1168  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Giselbert, Duke of Lorraine,   b. 888,   d. 2 Oct, 939, Andernach Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Married 928 
    Children 
    +1. Gerberga de Lorraine,   b. Abt 930,   d. Aft 7 Sep 978  (Age ~ 48 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 15 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1394  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Gerberga von Sachsen, Regent of France
    Gerberga von Sachsen, Regent of France

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020067&tree=LEO.

    2. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerberga_of_Saxony.