Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Duncan I 'the Gracious' of Scots, King of Scots 1034-1040

Duncan I 'the Gracious' of Scots, King of Scots 1034-1040[1]

Male 1001 - 1040  (39 years)

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  • Name Duncan I 'the Gracious' of Scots 
    Suffix King of Scots 1034-1040 
    Born 1001  Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Donnchad mac Crinain (Modern Gaelic: Donnchadh mac Crìonain;[2] anglicised as Duncan I, and nicknamed An t-Ilgarach, \"the Diseased\" or \"the Sick\";[3] ca. 1001 – 14 August 1040)[1] was king of Scotland (Alba) from 1034 to 1040. He is the historical basis of the \"King Duncan\" in Shakespeare\'s play Macbeth.

    Contents  [hide] 
    1
    Life
    2
    Depictions in fiction
    3
    Ancestry
    4
    Notes
    5
    References

    Life[edit]
    He was a son of Crínán, hereditary lay abbot of Dunkeld, and Bethóc, daughter of king Máel Coluim mac Cináeda (Malcolm II).
    Unlike the \"King Duncan\" of Shakespeare\'s Macbeth, the historical Duncan appears to have been a young man. He followed his grandfather Malcolm as king after the latter\'s death on 25 November 1034, without apparent opposition. He may have been Malcolm\'s acknowledged successor or Tànaiste as the succession appears to have been uneventful.[4] Earlier histories, following John of Fordun, supposed that Duncan had been king of Strathclyde in his grandfather\'s lifetime, between 1018 and 1034, ruling the former Kingdom of Strathclyde as an appanage. Modern historians discount this idea.[5]
    An earlier source, a variant of the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba (CK-I), gives Duncan\'s wife the Gaelic name Suthen.[6] Whatever his wife\'s name may have been, Duncan had at least two sons. The eldest, Malcolm III (Máel Coluim mac Donnchada) was king from 1058 to 1093, the second Donald III (Domnall Bán, or \"Donalbane\") was king afterwards. Máel Muire, Earl of Atholl is a possible third son of Duncan, although this is uncertain.[7]
    The early period of Duncan\'s reign was apparently uneventful, perhaps a consequence of his youth. Macbeth (Mac Bethad mac Findláich) is recorded as having been his dux, today rendered as \"duke\" and meaning nothing more than the rank between prince and marquess, but then still having the Roman meaning of \"war leader\". In context — \"dukes of Francia\" had half a century before replaced the Carolingian kings of the Franks and in England the over-mighty Godwin of Wessex was called a dux — this suggests that Macbeth may have been the power behind the throne.[8]
    In 1039, Duncan led a large Scots army south to besiege Durham, but the expedition ended in disaster. Duncan survived, but the following year he led an army north into Moray, Macbeth\'s domain, apparently on a punitive expedition against Moray.[9] There he was killed in action, at Bothnagowan, now Pitgaveny, near Elgin, by the men of Moray led by Macbeth, probably on 14 August 1040.[10] He is thought to have been buried at Elgin[11] before later relocation to the Isle of Iona.
    Depictions in fiction[edit]
    Duncan is depicted as an elderly King in the play Macbeth (1606) by William Shakespeare. He is killed in his sleep by the protagonist, Macbeth.
    In the historical novel Macbeth the King (1978) by Nigel Tranter, Duncan is portrayed as a schemer who is fearful of Macbeth as a possible rival for the throne. He tries to assassinate Macbeth by poisoning and then when this fails, attacks his home with an army. In self-defence Macbeth meets him in battle and kills him in personal combat.
    In the animated television series Gargoyles he is depicted as a weak and conniving king who assassinates those who he believes threaten his rule.[12] He even tries to assassinate Macbeth, forcing Demona to ally with the Moray nobleman, with Duncan\'s resulting death coming from attempting to strike an enchanted orb of energy that one of the Weird Sisters gave to Macbeth to take Duncan down.

      [2
    Died 14 Aug, 1040  Iona, Mul, Argyll, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I899  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 26 Mar 2018 

    Father Crinan Mormaer, of Athole,   b. 978, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1045, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Bethoc ingen Mail Coluim, meic Cinaeda,   b. Abt 984, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. yes 
    Relationship putative 
    Married 1004  Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F484  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 AElflaed of Northumbria,   b. Abt 1007, Orkney Islands, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. yes 
    Married 1028  Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. King Malcom III of Scotland,   b. Abt 1031, Athol, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov, 1093, Alnwick, Northumberland, England, age 62 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 4 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F483  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Suthen of Northumbria 
    Married Abt 1030 
    Children 
    +1. Mael Coluim (Malcolm III Canmore) mac Donnchada, King of Scots 1058-1093,   b. Abt 1031,   d. 13 Nov 1093, Alnwick Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 25 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1615  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    King Duncan I of Scotland
    King Duncan I of Scotland
    Shakespear\'s MacBeth based on him though not historical

  • Sources 
    1. [S53] If The Legends are True, J. Craig Canada, http://www.palmspringsbum.org/genealogy/pedigree.php?personID=I10021&tree=Legends.

    2. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duncan_I_of_Scotland.