Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Pippin I (Pepin), King of Italy

Pippin I (Pepin), King of Italy

Male 773 - 810  (37 years)

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  • Name Pippin I (Pepin)  
    Suffix King of Italy 
    Nickname Carloman 
    Born 12 Apr 773 
    Gender Male 
    History King of the Lombards
    Pepin I Carolingian acceded the throne as King of Italy in 781.
    Pepin was baptized at Rome, 12 Apr 781, by Pope Hadrian I. Apparently by a daughter of Duke Bernard, who was the younger brother of Pepin the Short. Pepin\'s name was Carloman at birth. However, when his brother Pepin the Hunchback betrayed their father, the royal name Pepin passed to him. After his father\'s conquest of the Lombards, he was crowned in 781 by Pope Hadrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.
    Fought against the Avars, the Slavs, and the Saxons.  [1
    History Pepin or Pippin (or Pepin Carloman, Pepinno, April 773 – 8 July 810), born Carloman, was the son of Charlemagne and King of the Lombards (781–810) under the authority of his father.

    Pepin was the second son of Charlemagne by his then-wife Hildegard.[1] He was born Carloman, but was rechristened with the royal name Pepin (also the name of his older half-brother Pepin the Hunchback, and his grandfather Pepin the Short) when he was a young child. He was made "king of Italy"[2] after his father's conquest of the Lombards, in 781, and crowned by Pope Hadrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.

    He was active as ruler of Lombardy and worked to expand the Frankish empire. In 791, he marched a Lombard army into the Drava valley and ravaged Pannonia, while his father marched along the Danube into Avar territory. Charlemagne left the campaigning to deal with a Saxon revolt in 792. Pepin and Duke Eric of Friuli continued, however, to assault the Avars' ring-shaped strongholds. The great Ring of the Avars, their capital fortress, was taken twice. The booty was sent to Charlemagne in Aachen and redistributed to all his followers and even to foreign rulers, including King Offa of Mercia. A celebratory poem, De Pippini regis Victoria Avarica, was composed after Pepin forced the Avar khagan to submit in 796.[3] This poem was composed at Verona, Pepin's capital after 799 and the centre of Carolingian Renaissance literature in Italy. The Versus de Verona (c. 800), an urban encomium of the city, likewise praises king Pepin.[4] The "Codex Gothanus" History of the Lombards hails Pepin's campaign against Benevento and his liberation of Corsica "from the oppression of the Moors."[5]

    His activities included a long, but unsuccessful siege of Venice in 810. The siege lasted six months and Pepin's army was ravaged by the diseases of the local swamps and was forced to withdraw. A few months later Pepin died, on July 8, 810.[6]

    He had one or more mistresses, whose names are not known for certain, and whose ancestry is not given from any reliable source although one has been conjectured to have been called Bertha, and she is believed to be the daughter of William of Gellone, count of Toulouse. Pepin had one son and five daughters (they were: Adelaide, married Lambert I of Nantes; Atala; Gundrada; Bertha; and Tetrada), all of whom but the eldest were born between 800 and Pepin's death. All except Adelaide and Tetrada died before their grandfather's death in 814. Tetrada married Adelaide's stepson, Lambert II of Nantes. Pepin's son was Bernard. Pepin was expected to inherit a third of his father's empire, but he predeceased him. The Lombard crown passed on to his illegitimate son Bernard, but the empire went to Pepin's younger brother, Louis the Pious. 
    History Pippin was born about 777, the second son of Emperor Charlemagne and his wife Hildegarde. He was born Karlmann, but when his half-brother Pippin \'der Bucklige\' (the Hunchback) betrayed their father, the royal name Pippin passed to him. He was christened in Rome by Pope Adrian I on 12 April 781, and was made king of Italy after his father\'s conquest of the Lombards that year, after which Pippin was crowned by Pope Adrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.

    He was active as ruler of Italy and worked to expand the Frankish empire. In 791 he marched a Lombard army into the Drava valley and ravaged Pannonia, while his father marched along the Danube into Avar territory. Charlemagne left the campaigning to deal with a Saxon revolt in 792. Pippin and Duke Eric of Friuli continued, however, to assault the Avars\' ring-shaped strongholds. The great Ring of the Avars, their capital fortress, was taken twice. The booty was sent to Charlemagne in Aachen and distributed to all his followers and even to foreign rulers, including King Offa of Mercia.

    About 795 Pippin married a lady possibly called Bertha, whose ancestry is not known from any reliable source although spuriously she has been called the daughter of St. Guilhem, comte de Toulouse. Pippin and Bertha had five daughters four of whom did not have progeny. The fifth daughter, Adalhaid (Adelaide) married Lambert I of Nantes. He also had a son Bernhard who would have progeny; some sources identify him as illegitimate.

    A celebrated poem, _De Pippine regis Victoria Avarica,_ was composed after Pippin forced the Avar Khagan to submit in 796. The poem was composed at Verona, Pippin\'s capital after 799 and the centre of Carolingian Renaissance literature in Italy. The _Versus de Verona_ (written about 800), a formal eulogy to the city, likewise praises King Pippin.

    Pippin\'s activities included a long siege of Venice in 810. The siege lasted six months and Pippin\'s army was ravaged by the diseases of the local swamps and was forced to withdraw. A few months later Pippin died on 8 July 810. He was expected to inherit a third of his father\'s empire, but he predeceased his father. When Pippin died the Italian crown passed to his son Bernhard, but the empire went to Pippin\'s younger brother Louis \'the Pious\'.  [2
    Died 8 Jul 810 
    Buried Basilica di San Zeno Maggiore, Verona, Veneto, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I586  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 2 Mar 2018 

    Father Charlemagne, King of the Francs, King of the Lombards, Emperor of the Romans,   b. 2 Apr 742/48, Frankish Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Man 814, Aachen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Hildegard of the Vinzgau, Queen Holy Roman Empire,   b. c. 754,   d. 30 Apr 783  (Age ~ 29 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F314  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
    +1. King Bernard of Italy,   b. 797, Vermandios, Picardy Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 818, Milan, Lombardy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
    Last Modified 19 May 2017 
    Family ID F313  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Pippin 1, King of Italy
    Pippin 1, King of Italy

  • Sources 
    1. [S3] Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/143372059/pepin-carolingian-of_italy.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020039&tree=LEO.