Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Herleva (Herleve, Harlette, Arlette, Arletta, Arlotte)

Herleva (Herleve, Harlette, Arlette, Arletta, Arlotte)

Female 1003 - 1050  (~ 47 years)

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  • Name Herleva (Herleve, Harlette, Arlette, Arletta, Arlotte)  
    Born c 1003 
    Gender Female 
    History Herleva[a] (c. 1003 – c. 1050) had three sons – William I of England, who was fathered by Robert I, Duke of Normandy, and Odo of Bayeux and Robert, Count of Mortain, who were both fathered by Herluin de Conteville. All became prominent in William's realm.

    Contents [hide]
    1 Life
    1.1 Relationship with Robert the Magnificent
    1.2 Marriage to Herluin de Conteville
    2 Death
    3 Notes
    4 Sources
    5 References
    6 External links
    Life[edit]
    The background of Herleva and the circumstances of William's birth are shrouded in mystery. The written evidence dates from a generation or two later, and is not entirely consistent, but of all the Norman chroniclers only the Tours chronicler asserts that William's parents were subsequently joined in marriage.[5] The most commonly accepted version says that she was the daughter of a tanner named Fulbert from the town of Falaise, in Normandy. The meaning of filia pelletarii burgensis[6] is somewhat uncertain, and Fulbert may instead have been a furrier, embalmer, apothecary, or a person who laid out corpses for burial.[7]

    Some argue that Herleva's father was not a tanner but rather a member of the burgher class.[8] The idea is supported by the appearance of her brothers in a later document as attestors for an under-age William. Also, the Count of Flanders later accepted Herleva as a proper guardian for his own daughter. Both of these would be nearly impossible if Herleva's father was a tanner, which would place his standing as little more than a peasant.

    Orderic Vitalis described Herleva's father Fulbert as the Duke's Chamberlain (cubicularii ducis).[9]

    Relationship with Robert the Magnificent[edit]
    According to one legend, still recounted by tour guides at Falaise, it all started when Robert, the young Duke of Normandy, saw Herleva from the roof of his castle tower. The walkway on the roof still looks down on the dyeing trenches cut into stone in the courtyard below, which can be seen to this day from the tower ramparts above. The traditional way of dyeing leather or garments was to trample barefoot on the garments which were awash in the liquid dye in these trenches. Herleva, legend goes, seeing the Duke on his ramparts above, raised her skirts perhaps a bit more than necessary in order to attract the Duke's eye. The latter was immediately smitten and ordered her brought in (as was customary for any woman that caught the Duke's eye) through the back door. Herleva refused, saying she would only enter the Duke's castle on horseback through the front gate, and not as an ordinary commoner. The Duke, filled with lust, could only agree. In a few days, Herleva, dressed in the finest her father could provide, and sitting on a white horse, rode proudly through the front gate, her head held high.[10] This gave Herleva a semi-official status as the Duke's concubine.[11] She later gave birth to his son, William, in 1027 or 1028.[12]

    Some historians suggest Herleva was first the mistress of Gilbert of Brionne with whom she had a son, Richard. It was Gilbert who first saw Herleva and elevated her position and then Robert took her for his mistress.[13]

    Marriage to Herluin de Conteville[edit]
    Herleva later married Herluin de Conteville in 1031. Some accounts maintain that Robert always loved her, but the gap in their social status made marriage impossible, so, to give her a good life, he married her off to one of his favourite noblemen.[14]

    Another source suggests that Herleva did not marry Herluin until after Robert died, because there is no record of Robert entering another relationship, whereas Herluin married another woman, Fredesendis, by the time he founded the abbey of Grestain.[15]

    From her marriage to Herluin she had two sons: Odo, who later became Bishop of Bayeux, and Robert, who became Count of Mortain. Both became prominent during William's reign. They also had at least two daughters: Emma, who married Richard le Goz, Viscount of Avranches, and a daughter of unknown name who married William, lord of la Ferté-Macé.[16]

    Death[edit]
    According to Robert of Torigni, Herleva was buried at the abbey of Grestain, which was founded by Herluin and their son Robert around 1050. This would put Herleva in her forties around the time of her death. However, David C. Douglas suggests that Herleva probably died before Herluin founded the abbey because her name does not appear on the list of benefactors, whereas the name of Herluin's second wife, Fredesendis, does.[17]

    Notes[edit]
    Jump up ^ She was also known as Herleve,[1] Arlette,[2] Arletta[3] Arlotte,[4] and Harlette
    Sources[edit]
    icon Normandy portal
    Jump up ^ David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964), p. 15
    Jump up ^ Freeman, Edward A. The history of the Norman conquest of England, its causes and its result . Volume I. p. 530
    Jump up ^ Palgrave, Sir Francis. The History of Normandy and of England (1864), p. 145
    Jump up ^ Abbott, Jacob. William the Conqueror (1903), p. 41
    Jump up ^ "Dux Robertus, nato dicto Guillelmo, in isto eodem anno matrem pueri, quam defloraverat, duxit in uxorem." (When the said William had been born, in that same year Duke Robert took as his wife the boy's mother, whom he had deflowered.) quoted in Edward Augustus Freeman,The History of the Norman Conquest of England: II 2nd Ed. The reign of Eadward the Confessor. Note U: The Birth of William 1, p. 615.
    Jump up ^ Chronicle of St-Maxentius quoted in Freeman. The History of the Norman Conquest of England: II. 2nd Ed. p. 611.
    Jump up ^ van Houts, Elisabeth M. C., 'The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror', English Historical Review, vol. 101, pp. 399–404 (1986)
    Jump up ^ McLynn, Frank. 1066: The Year of the Three Battles. pp. 21–23 (1999) ISBN 0-7126-6672-9
    Jump up ^ van Houts, Elisabeth M. C., 'The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror', English Historical Review, vol. 101, pp. 399–404 (1986); Crouch, David 'The Normans- The History of a Dynasty' Hambledon 2002 at pp 52–53 and p58
    Jump up ^ Brownsworth. The Normans: From Raiders to Kings. pp. 33-34
    Jump up ^ Harper-Bill. Anglo-Norman Studies: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1998. pp. 24-25
    Jump up ^ Bates.William the Conqueror. p. 33.
    Jump up ^ Simpkin. Herleva of Falaise. Retrieved 20 March 2017
    Jump up ^ Tracy Borman. Matilda: Wife of the Conqueror. p. 22
    Jump up ^ "Norman Nobility". Medieval Lands Project. Retrieved on 2009-07-30.
    Jump up ^ David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964), p. 381
    Jump up ^ David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964), p. 382  [1
    History Herleve, also known as Herleva, Harlette, Arlette, Arletta and Arlotte, was born about the year 1000. She was the mother of William I of England. She had two further sons, Eudes of Bayeux and Robert, comte de Mortain, who became prominent in William\'s realm.

    The background of Herleve and the circumstances of William\'s birth are shrouded in mystery. The written evidence dates from a generation or two later, and it is not entirely consistent. The most commonly accepted version says that she was the daughter of a tanner named Fulbert from the small Norman town of Falaise, where they lived. Translation being somewhat uncertain, Fulbert may instead have been a furrier, embalmer, apothecary, or a person who laid out corpses for burial. It is argued by some that Herleve\'s father was not any of these, but rather a member of the burgher class. The idea is supported by the fact that her brothers appear in a later document as attesters for an under-age William. Also, the count of Flanders later accepted Herleve as a proper guardian for his own daughter. Both facts would be nearly impossible if the father (and therefore the brothers) of Herleve was little more than a peasant.

    According to one legend, still recounted by tour guides at Falaise, Herleve\'s relationship to Robert started when he, the young Duke of Normandy saw her from the roof of his castle tower. The walkway on the roof still looks down on the dyeing trenches cut into stone in the courtyard below, which can be seen to this day from the tower ramparts above. The traditional way of dyeing leather or garments was for individuals to trample barefoot on the garments which were awash in the dyeing liquid in these trenches. Herleve, legend goes, seeing the duke on his ramparts above, raised her skirts perhaps a bit more than necessary in order to attract his eye. The duke was immediately smitten and ordered her brought in (as was customary for any wench who caught the duke\'s eye) through the back door. Herleve refused, saying she would only enter the duke\'s castle on horseback through the front gate, and not as an ordinary commoner. The duke, filled with lust, could only agree. In a few days Herleve, dressed in the finest her father could provide, and sitting on a white horse, rode proudly through the front gate, her head held high. This gave Herleve a semi-official status as the duke\'s mistress. She later gave birth to his son William in 1028, and to a daughter Adela who may have been born in 1030.

    Some sources maintain that Herleve married Herluin, vicomte de Conteville in 1031. According to these accounts, Robert always loved her, but the gap in their social status made marriage impossible, so to give her a good life he married her off to one of his favourite noblemen.

    From her marriage to Herluin she had two sons: Eudes, who later became bishop of Bayeux and earl of Kent, and Robert, who became comte de Mortain and earl of Cornwall. Both had progeny, and became prominent during William\'s reign. Herleve and Herluin also had a daughter Emma who married Richard Le Goz, vicomte d\'Avranches, and had progeny. It is unsure whether Herluin\'s unnamed daughter who married Guillaume, seigneur de la Ferté-Macé, was by Herleve or his second wife Fredesindis.

    Some sources believe that Herleve died about 1050. According to the monk and chronicler Robert of Torigni (d.1186), she was buried at the abbey of Grestain, which was founded by Herluin and their son Robert around 1050. This would put Herleve in her mid forties around the time of her death. However, David C. Douglas, author of _William the Conqueror,_ suggests that Herleve probably died before Herluin founded the abbey because her name does not appear on the list of benefactors, whereas the name of Herluin\'s second wife Fredesendis does.  [2
    Died c 1050 
    Buried Abbey of Grestain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I567  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2018 

    Father Fulbert Of Falaise 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Doda,   d. yes 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F303  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Robert I 'The Devil', Duke of Normandy,   b. 22 Jun 1000,   d. 1-3 Jul 1035  (Age 35 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Adela of Normandy, Comtesse d\'Aumale,   d. Abt 1090
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1097  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Robert I 'The Devil', Duke of Normandy,   b. 22 Jun 1000,   d. 1-3 Jul 1035  (Age 35 years) 
    Children 
    +1. William the Conquerer, King of England,   b. 1027, Falaise, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep, 1087, Rouen, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 19 May 2017 
    Family ID F302  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Robert I 'The Devil', Duke of Normandy,   b. 22 Jun 1000,   d. 1-3 Jul 1035  (Age 35 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Adela of Normandie, Comtesse d\'Aumale,   b. Abt 1060
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1660  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Herluin De Conteville,   b. Abt 1001, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1066, France, age 65 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Eudes (Odo), Bishop of Bayeux, Earl of Kent,   b. Abt 1036,   d. Feb 1097, Palermo Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 61 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 25 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F2076  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Three sons of Herleva
    Three sons of Herleva
    from the Bayeux Tapestry
    Abbey of Grestain in Normandy
    Abbey of Grestain in Normandy
    Founded in 1050 by Herluin of Contefille and Herleva, mother of the King of England

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herleva.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00002955&tree=LEO.