Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Adelaide De Suse

Adelaide De Suse

Female 1020 - 1091  (71 years)

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  • Name Adelaide De Suse 
    Born 1015-1020  Turin, Piemont, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Adelaide is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented as one of the 999 names on the Heritage Floor.[23][24] 
    History Source :
    "Adelaide of Susa (also Adelheid, Adelais, or Adeline; ca. 1014/1020 \endash 19 December 1091) was the Marchioness of Turin from 1034 to her death. She moved the seat of the march from Turin to Susa and settled the itinerant court there. She was the last of the Arduinici.

    Biography
    Born in Turin to Ulric Manfred II and Bertha, daughter of Oberto II around 1014/1020, Adelaide's early life is not well known. Her only brother predeceased her father in 1034, though she had two younger sisters, Immilla and Bertha. Thus, on Ulric's death, the great margraviate was divided between his three daughters, though the greatest part by far went to Adelaide. She received the counties of Ivrea, Auriate, Aosta, and Turin. The margravial title, however, had primarily a military purpose at the time and, thus, was not considered suitable for a woman.

    Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, therefore arranged a marriage between Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia, to serve as margrave of Turin after Ulric's death (1034). The two were married in January 1037, but Herman died of the plague while fighting at Naples in July 1038.

    Adelaide remarried in order to secure her vast march to Henry of Montferrat (1041), but he died in 1045 and left her a widow for the second time. Immediately, a third marriage was undertaken, this time to Otto of Savoy (1046).[4] With Otto she had three sons, Peter I, Amadeus II, and Otto. She also had two daughters, Bertha and Adelaide. Bertha, the countess of Maurienne, married the Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, while Adelaide married Rudolf of Rheinfeld, who opposed Henry as King of Germany.

    After 1060, Adelaide acted as regent for her sons. In 1068, Henry tried to divorce Bertha and consequently drove Adelaide to an intense hatred of him and his family. However, through the intervention of Bertha, Henry received Adelaide's support when he came to Italy to submit to Pope Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany at Canossa. Adelaide and Amadeus accompanied the humiliated emperor to Canossa. In gratitude for her mediation, Henry donated Bugey to Adelaide and her family and took back Bertha as his wife, returning to Germany.

    Adelaide later played the mediator between her two royal sons-in-law, Henry and the aforementioned Rudolf during the wars of the 1080s in Germany. She was an opponent of the Gregorian reform, though she honoured the papacy, and defender of the autonomy of abbacies.

    In 1091, Adelaide died, to the general mourning of her people, and was buried in the parochial church of Canischio (Canisculum), a small village on the Cuorgnè in the Valle dell'Orco, to which she had retired in her later years. In the cathedral of Susa, in a niche in the wall, there is a statue of walnut wood, beneath a bronze veneer, representing Adelaide, genuflecting in prayer. Above it can be read the inscription: Questa è Adelaide, cui l'istessa Roma Cole, e primo d'Ausonia onor la noma.

    Family
    Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia had at least three children:
    - Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach
    - Adalbert I, Count of Windberg
    - Adelaide, married Hermann von Peugen

    Adelaide and Otto of Savoy had five children:
    - Peter I of Savoy
    - Amedeus II of Savoy
    - Otto, Bishop of Asti
    - Bertha of Savoy, married Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
    - Adelaide (died 1080), married Rudolf von Rheinfeld"  [1
    Died 19 Dec 1091  Canischio, Piemont, Italy, age 76 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I463  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 16 May 2017 

    Family Othon I De Savoie, 3ème Troisième Comte De Savoie Et De Maurienne,   b. Abt 1023, Savoie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar1060, Savoie, France, age 37 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Berthe De Turin,   b. 21 Sep 1051, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Dec 1087, France, age 36 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
    Last Modified 16 May 2017 
    Family ID F242  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Adelaide de Suse
    Adelaide de Suse

  • Sources 
    1. [S13] Genealogy-Knights from Continental Europe to England'Ireland, Patrick R. Knight, (http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/1336.htm), http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/1875.htm.