Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Beatrice De Savoie

Beatrice De Savoie

Female 1205 - 1267  (62 years)

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  • Name Beatrice De Savoie 
    Born 1205  Savoie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Beatrice betrothed on 5 June 1219 to Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence; they married in December 1220. She was a shrewd and politically astute woman, whose beauty was likened to that of a second Niobe by Matthew Paris. Ramon and Beatrice of Savoy had four daughters, who all lived to adulthood, and married kings. Their only son, Raymond died in early infancy.

    Margaret, Queen of France (1221–1295), wife of Louis IX of France
    Eleanor, Queen of England (1223–1291), wife of Henry III of England
    Sanchia, Queen of Germany (1228–1261), wife of Richard, Earl of Cornwall
    Beatrice, Queen of Sicily (1231–1267), wife of Charles I of Sicily  [1
    History Béatrice was born in 1205, the daughter of Tommaso I, comte de Savoie, and Béatrice de Genève. She was the sister of three counts of Savoy, Amadeo IV, Peter II, and Philippe. As well, her brother Guillaume became bishop of Valence and Liège, and Boniface became bishop of Durham and archbishop of Canterbury.

    On 5 June 1220 she married Raimund Berengar V, comte de Provence et Forcalquier, son of Alfonso II, comte de Provence, and Gersende de Sabran, heiress of Forcalquier. Along with two stillborn sons, Raimund and Béatrice had four daughters, all of whom would marry kings and have progeny.

    Béatrice was a shrewd and politically astute woman, whose beauty was likened by the Benedictine monk and English chronicler Matthew Paris (1220-1259) to that of a second Niobe. She was a skilled diplomat. While in England for the marriage of her daughter Sancha to Richard, earl of Cornwall, she persuaded her son-in-law King Henry III to grant his sister\'s second husband Simon VI de Montfort, 6th earl of Leicester, a yearly stipend (500 marks) since there had been no marriage portion. Henry also endowed Béatrice with an annual stipend of 400 pounds and agreed to lend her husband, for whom she was acting, 4000 marks on the security of five castles in Provence, which she would refuse to surrender to her son-in-law Charles Etienne, king of Naples and Sicily, the husband of her daughter Béatrice, until Henry released them in 1257.

    When the occasion demanded, Béatrice was also a forceful ruler. When various suitors tried to seize her daughter Béatrice, the heir of Provence, the elder Béatrice placed her in a safe fortress, secured the support of its people, and went to the pope for his protection. When the pope turned to the Capetians to counter the moves of the Hohenstaufen, Béatrice agreed to the marriage of her daughter Béatrice with Charles Etienne of Anjou, brother of the king of France. However he failed to respect her claims in Provence - her husband had left her the usufruct of the county for her lifetime - so Béatrice (like her elder daughters) would be at odds with him for much of her life. From her seat in Forcalquier and Gap, the lands of her mother-in-law Gersende de Sabran, which she inherited from her husband and ruled from 1245 to 1256, she formed the nucleus of a powerful anti-Angevin party. In 1255, when her brother Tommaso II, comte de Piedmont, was captured by citizens of Asti, she closed the Piedmont routes through her territory and arrested the Lombards who came through. When a family member was not threatened, however, Béatrice was concerned about improving travel conditions in the Alps in lands left to her by her mother, and like her brother Boniface, left money in her will for bridge and road construction and repair.

    The problems with her son-in-law Charles Etienne were resolved in stages. In 1248, in return for one-third the normal revenues of the comital treasury, Béatrice agreed to forego her claims on both usufruct of the county and on payment of arrears, and Charles promised to oblige his officers to swear to honour the commitments. All county officers were to render their accounts to her and to auditors to be selected by her and Charles. However Béatrice did not consider that Charles\' officers respected the treaty. It was only after she had spent some time in the French court that she agreed to a large payment in return for surrendering her territories in Provence, but not trusting Charles, she insisted the money be paid through his brother King Louis IX. At the same time she promised to free the Lombards she still held, and Charles promised to pardon her supporters. The two swore to the stipulations in 1257.

    In 1236 Béatrice\'s mother Béatrice de Genève died, leaving her daughter all her possessions in the Alps, and Béatrice took up residence in Menuet with a large entourage. She was patroness of the Order of Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, to whom she offered the château des Échelles in 1260, founding a hospital there to care for the poor, and she left money to almshouses and hospitals and for the repair of roads and bridges as well as to retainers and relatives. She died at Échelles in 1266.

    Béatrice commissioned a text, the _Régime du corps,_ from Aldobrandino of Siena in 1256, which includes two chapters on paediatrics. Aimeric de Belenoi, Sordello, Giraut de Borneil, and Elias de Barjols wrote lyrics for her.  [2
    Died 4 Jan 1267  Les Echelles, Savoie, France, age 62 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I407  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 9 Mar 2018 

    Father Thomas I De Savoie,   b. 27 May 1178, Chateau de Charbonnieres, Aiguebelle, Savoie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Mar 1233, Mancalieri, Piemont, Italy, age 54 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Marguerite De Geneveve,   b. Abt 1180, Annecy, Rhone-Alpes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1257, Rhone-Alpes, France, age 77 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 77 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F210  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Comte Raimond Berenger IV De Provence,   b. Abt 1198, Porvence-Alpes-Cote D'azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1245, Aix-en-Provence, Provence_Alpes-Cote D'azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 47 years) 
    +1. Marguerite De Provence,   b. 1221, Forcalquier, Provence-Alpes-Cote D'Azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1295, Paris, Ile de France, France, age 74 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 16 May 2017 
    Family ID F209  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Beatrice of Savoy
    Beatrice of Savoy
    in Les Echelles (Savoy, France)

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrice_of_Savoy.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004072&tree=LEO.