Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Duchesse Alienor D'Aquitaine, De Guyenne, Queen of England

Duchesse Alienor D'Aquitaine, De Guyenne, Queen of England

Female 1124 - 1204  (80 years)

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  • Name Duchesse Alienor D'Aquitaine, De Guyenne 
    Suffix Queen of England 
    Born 1122-1124  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Eleanor of Aquitaine (French: Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Éléonore, Latin: Alienora; 1122 – 1 April 1204) was a Queen consort of France and England. As a member of the Ramnulfids ("House of Poitiers") rulers in southwestern France, she was one of the most powerful and wealthiest women in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. She inherited the Duchy of Aquitaine from her father, William X, in 1137 and, by successive marriages, became Queen of France (1137–1152) and then of England (1154–1189). She was patron of literary figures such as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-Maure, and Bernart de Ventadorn. She led armies several times in her life and was a leader of the Second Crusade.

    As Duchess of Aquitaine, Eleanor was the most eligible bride in Europe. Three months after she became duchess, she married King Louis VII of France, son of her guardian, King Louis VI. As Queen of France, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon afterwards, Eleanor sought an annulment of her marriage,[1] but her request was rejected by Pope Eugene III.[2] However, after the birth of her second daughter Alix, Louis agreed to an annulment, as fifteen years of marriage had not produced a son.[3] The marriage was annulled on 11 March 1152 on the grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custody was awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her.

    As soon as the annulment was granted, Eleanor became engaged to the Duke of Normandy, who became King Henry II of England in 1154. Henry was her third cousin and eleven years younger. The couple married on Whitsun, 18 May 1152, eight weeks after the annulment of Eleanor's first marriage, in a cathedral in Poitiers, France. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight children: five sons, three of whom would become kings; and three daughters. However, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. Henry imprisoned her in 1173 for supporting their son Henry's revolt against him. She was not released until 6 July 1189, when Henry died and their second son, Richard the Lionheart, ascended the throne.

    Now Queen dowager, Eleanor acted as regent while Richard went on the Third Crusade; on his return Richard was captured and held prisoner. Eleanor lived well into the reign of her youngest son, John. She outlived all her children except for John and Eleanor.  [1
    Died 1 Apr 1204  Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France, age 82 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Fontevraud, Pays de Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I331  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 15 May 2017 

    Father Count Guillaume X De Poitiers, Duke of Aquitaine,   b. 1099, Toulouse, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1137, Spain, age 39 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Aenor De Chatellerault, Duchesse D'Aquitaine,   b. Abt 1103, Chatellerault, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1130, Talmont-Saint-Hilaire, Pays DE Loire, France, age 27 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years) 
    Family ID F162  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family King Henri II of England, Plantagenet, Duc De Normandie,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mand, Pays-De-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Pays De Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Alienor of England,   b. Sep 1161, Domfront, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1214, age 53 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
    Last Modified 15 May 2017 
    Family ID F161  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Alienor D'Aquitaine
    Alienor D'Aquitaine

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Aquitaine.