Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

King Henri II (Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress) of England, Plantagenet, Duc De Normandie

King Henri II (Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress) of England, Plantagenet, Duc De Normandie[1]

Male 1133 - 1189  (56 years)

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  • Name King Henri II (Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress) of England, Plantagenet 
    Suffix Duc De Normandie 
    Born 5 Mar 1133  Le Mand, Pays-De-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Henry II was born on 5 March 1133, the son of Matilda of Normandy, the daughter and heir of King Henry I of England, and her husband Geoffrey V, comte d\'Anjou et Maine. Henry was known at first as Henry FitzEmpress, in recognition that his mother had been the empress-widow of the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich V. However, when Henry I died, their cousin Stephen de Blois took the crown. During the ensuing civil war between King Stephen and Henry\'s mother, Henry\'s father took Normandy and Henry was invested as its duke in 1150. In 1151 Henry\'s father died and he then inherited the counties of Anjou and Maine.

    In 1152 Henry met and was seduced by Eleanor de Poitou, duchess of Aquitaine, who was not only eleven years older but also had just divorced the French king. They married at Bordeaux on 18 May 1152, this marriage also adding to his French territories as well as producing eight children. However Henry did not remain faithful to his queen.

    Having been declared heir to Stephen de Blois, Henry became Henry II, king of England on Stephen\'s death in 1154. His first years as king were spent restoring law and order in which he was assisted by his chancellor, Thomas à Becket. In 1157 Henry II invaded North Wales and in 1159 he campaigned in France on Eleanor\'s behalf. This campaign was unsuccessful, but a peace treaty was signed with Louis VII, Eleanor\'s previous husband.

    In 1163 Henry ordered the construction of Orford Castle in an effort to contain the growing power of Hugh Bigod, the influential earl of Norfolk, who was located at nearby Framlingham castle. The construction took twelve years and public records of the time show that 1413 pounds were spent on the construction of the donjon which included draining the surrounding marsh to create a safe harbour. Henry II had raised Thomas à Becket to become archbishop of Canterbury; but a quarrel begun in 1163 was to last for several years. Indeed, in 1164 Thomas à Becket was forced to leave the country and it was not until 1170, when the pope forced Henry II to acquiesce, that he returned.

    Henry II\'s remark \'will no one rid me of this turbulent priest\' led to Thomas à Becket\'s murder on 29 December 1170. Henry II\'s reputation suffered, even though his sorrow over the loss of his friend was genuine.

    Also in 1170 he had his eldest son Henry crowned to secure a peaceful succession, but the \'young king\' died in 1183. In 1189 while he was at Tours he was told of the betrayal of his youngest and favourite son John. On 4 July 1189 he met the French king Philippe at Colombières. While they spoke on horseback, a sudden thunderclap caused Henry\'s horse to rear and throw him. Henry II then made his peace with King Philippe and was taken by litter to the castle of Chinon. Two days spent wrangling with monks from Canterbury, who were demanding concessions for their order, were to be his last. When he realised his end was near, he was taken to the altar of the castle church where he deliriously cursed the day he was born and asked heaven\'s vengeance upon his sons. He then suffered a haemorrhage and died, to be buried in the abbey of Fontevrault.  [2
    Died 6 Jul 1189  Chinon, Pays De Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I330  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 11 Feb 2018 

    Family Duchesse Alienor D'Aquitaine, De Guyenne, Queen of England,   b. 1122-1124, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France, age 82 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Alienor (Eleanor) of England, Queen of Castile,   b. Sep 1161, Domfront, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1214, age 53 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 15 May 2017 
    Family ID F161  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Henry VII and Eleanor
    Henry VII and Eleanor
    Thomas a Becket
    Thomas a Becket
    Lion in Winter
    Lion in Winter

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000236&tree=LEO.