Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Blanche De Castille

Blanche De Castille

Female 1188 - 1252  (64 years)

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  • Name Blanche De Castille 
    Born 4 Mar 1188  Palencia, Castille, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Source :
    "Blanche of Castile (Blanca de Castilla in Spanish; 4 March 1188 \endash 26 November 1252), was a Queen consort of France as the wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX.
    She was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile, and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

    Early life
    In her youth, she visited the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, founded by her father, several times. Later in life, she would establish Cisterian abbeys and would be buried in one eventually.
    In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister Urraca was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis. Their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, upon getting acquainted with the two sisters, judged that Blanche's personality was more fit for a queen consort of France. In the spring of 1200 Eleanor crossed the Pyrenees with her and brought her to France instead

    Marriage
    On 22 May 1200 the treaty was finally signed, John ceding with his niece the fiefs of Issoudun and Graçay, together with those that André de Chauvigny, lord of Châteauroux, held in Berry, of the English crown. The marriage was celebrated the next day, at Port-Mor on the right bank of the Seine, in John's domains, as those of Philip lay under an interdict.
    The marriage was only consummated after a few years, and Blanche bore her first child in 1205.
    During the English baron's rebellion of 1215-16 against King John, it was Blanche's English ancestry as granddaughter to Henry II that led to Louis being offered the throne of England as Louis I. However, with the death of John in October 1216, the barons changed their allegiance to John's son, the nine-year-old Henry.
    Louis continued to claim the English crown in her right, only to find a united nation against him. Philip Augustus refused to help his son, and Blanche was his sole support. She established herself at Calais and organized two fleets, one of which was commanded by Eustace the Monk, and an army under Robert of Courtenay. With French forces defeated at Lincoln in May 1217 and then routed on their way back to their London stronghold, Louis desperately needed the reinforcements from France. On 24 August, the English fleet destroyed the French fleet carrying those reinforcements off Sandwich and Louis was forced to sue for peace.

    Regency ... Queen Mother ...

    Second Regency and Death
    In 1248 Blanche again became regent, during Louis IX's absence on the Crusade, a project which she had strongly opposed. In the disasters which followed she maintained peace, while draining the land of men and money to aid her son in the East. She fell ill at Melun in November 1252, and was taken to Paris, but lived only a few days. She was buried at Maubuisson Abbey, which had been established by her. Louis only heard of her death in the following spring and reportedly did not speak to anyone for two days afterwards.

    Issue
    - Blanche (1205\endash 1205).
    - Agnes (1207\endash 1207).
    - Philip (9 September 1209 \endash before July 1218), betrothed in July 1215 to Agnes of Donzy.
    -Alphonse (b. and d. Lorrez-le-Bocage, 26 January 1213), twin of John.
    - John (b. and d. Lorrez-le-Bocage, 26 January 1213), twin of Alphonse.
    - Louis IX (Poissy, 25 April 1214 \endash 25 August 1270, Tunis), King of France as successor to his father.
    - Robert (25 September 1216 \endash 9 February 1250, killed in battle, Manssurah, Egypt)
    - Philip (20 February 1218\endash 1234).
    - John Tristan (21 July 1219\endash 1232), Count of Anjou and Maine.
    - Alphonse (Poissy, 11 November 1220 \endash 21 August 1271, Corneto), Count of Poitou and Auvergne, and by marriage, of Toulouse.
    - Philippe Dagobert (20 February 1222\endash 1232).
    - Isabelle (14 April 1225 \endash 23 February 1269).
    - Charles (21 March 1227 \endash 7 January 1285), Count of Anjou and Maine, by marriage Count of Provence and Folcalquier, and King of Sicily."  [1
    Died 27 Nov 1252  Melun, Ile de France, France, age 64 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I327  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 15 May 2017 

    Father King Alphonse VIII De Castille,   b. 11 Nov 1155, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1214, Spain, age 58 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother Alienor of England,   b. Sep 1161, Domfront, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1214, age 53 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years) 
    Family ID F160  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 King Louis VIII De France,   b. 5 Sep 1187, Paris, Ile de France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Chateau de Montpensier, Auvergne, France, age 39 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Children 
    +1. King Loius IX De France,   b. 25 Apr, 1214, Poissy, Ile-De-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Aug, 1270, Tunis, Tunisie, Afrique, age 56 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
    Last Modified 15 May 2017 
    Family ID F159  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 King Louis VIII De France,   b. 5 Sep 1187, Paris, Ile de France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Chateau de Montpensier, Auvergne, France, age 39 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Children 
    +1. King Louis IX De France,   b. 25 Apr 1214, Poisy, Ile-De_France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Aug 1270, Tunis, Tunisie, Afrique, age 56 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
    Last Modified 16 May 2017 
    Family ID F207  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Blanche DE CASTILLE
    Blanche DE CASTILLE

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/535.htm.