Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Saint Louis IX, King of France

Saint Louis IX, King of France

Male 1214 - 1270  (56 years)

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  • Name Louis IX  
    Prefix Saint 
    Suffix King of France 
    Born 25 Apr, 1214  Poissy, Ile-De-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Married Marriage[edit]
    On 27 May 1234, Louis married Margaret of Provence (1221 – 21 December 1295), whose sister Eleanor later became the wife of Henry III of England. The new queen\'s religious zeal made her a well suited partner for the king. He enjoyed her company, and was pleased to show her the many public works he was making in Paris, both for its defense and for its health. They enjoyed riding together, reading, and listening to music. This attention raised a certain amount of jealousy in his mother, who tried to keep them apart as much as she could.[9]  [1
    History Children[edit]
    Blanche (12 July/4 December[26] 1240 – 29 April 1243), died in infancy.
    Isabella (2 March 1241 – 28 January 1271), married Theobald II of Navarre.
    Louis (23 September 1243/24 February 1244[26] – 11 January/2 February 1260). Betrothed to Berengaria of Castile in Paris on 20 August 1255.[26]
    Philip III (1 May 1245 – 5 October 1285), married firstly to Isabella of Aragon in 1262 and secondly to Maria of Brabant in 1274.
    John (1246/1247[26] – 10 March 1248), died in infancy.
    John Tristan (8 April 1250 – 3 August 1270), Count of Valois, married Yolande II, Countess of Nevers.
    Peter (1251 – 6/7 April 1284), Count of Perche and Alençon, married Joanne of Châtillon.
    Blanche (early 1253[26] – 17 June 1320), married Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile.
    Margaret (early 1255[26] – July 1271), married John I, Duke of Brabant.
    Robert (1256 – 7 February 1317), Count of Clermont, married Beatrice of Burgundy. The French crown devolved upon his male-line descendant, Henry IV, when the legitimate male line of Robert\'s older brother Philip III died out in 1589.
    Agnes (1260 – 19/20 December 1327[26]), married Robert II, Duke of Burgundy.
    Louis had his two children that died in infancy to be buried at the Cistercian abbey of Royaumont; in 1820 they were transferred to Saint-Denis Basilica.[27]  [1
    History Known as Saint Louis 
    History Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII the Lion, although his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom until he reached maturity. During Louis's childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and put an end to the Albigensian crusade which had started 20 years earlier.

    As an adult, Louis IX faced recurring conflicts with some of the most powerful nobles, such as Hugh X of Lusignan and Peter of Dreux. Simultaneously, Henry III of England tried to restore his continental possessions, but was defeated at the battle of Taillebourg. His reign saw the annexation of several provinces, notably Normandy, Maine and Provence.

    Louis IX was a reformer and developed French royal justice, in which the king is the supreme judge to whom anyone is able to appeal to seek the amendment of a judgment. He banned trials by ordeal, tried to prevent the private wars that were plaguing the country and introduced the presumption of innocence in criminal procedure. To enforce the correct application of this new legal system, Louis IX created provosts and bailiffs.

    According to his vow made after a serious illness, and confirmed after a miraculous cure, Louis IX took an active part in the Seventh and Eighth Crusade in which he died from dysentery. He was succeeded by his son Philip III.

    Louis's actions were inspired by Christian values and Catholic devotion. He decided to punish blasphemy, gambling, interest-bearing loans and prostitution, and bought presumed relics of Christ for which he built the Sainte-Chapelle. He also expanded the scope of the Inquisition and ordered the burning of Talmuds. He is the only canonized king of France, and there are consequently many places named after him.  [1
    Died 25 Aug, 1270  Tunis, Tunisie, Afrique, age 56 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I324  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 9 Mar 2018 

    Father King Louis VIII De France,   b. 5 Sep 1187, Paris, Ile de France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Chateau de Montpensier, Auvergne, France, age 39 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Blanche De Castille, Regent of France,   b. 4 Mar 1188, Palencia, Castille, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Nov 1252, Melun, Ile de France, France, age 64 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F159  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Marguerite De Provence,   b. 1221, Forcalquier, Provence-Alpes-Cote D'Azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1295, Paris, Ile de France, France, age 74 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 27 May 1234  Sens Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. King Philippe III De France,   b. 1 May, 1245, Poissy, Ile-De-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct, 1285, Perpignan, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, age 40 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
    Last Modified 9 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F206  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Saint Louis IX, King of France
    Saint Louis IX, King of France

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_IX_of_France.