Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Ulrich III, Graf von Neuenburg

Male Abt 1155 - 1225  (~ 70 years)


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  • Name Ulrich III  
    Suffix Graf von Neuenburg 
    Born Abt 1155  Suisse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Ulrich was the younger son of Ulrich II, Herr von Neuenburg, and Berta (von Grenchen). After his father\'s death about 1191 he became joint-lord of Neuenburg with his brother Rudolf II until 1196. He was count of Fenis, Aarberg and Strassberg, and lord of Arconciel-Illens and Valangin. Rudolf II\'s death about 1196 led to an initial partition with Rudolf\'s son Berchtold, after which he and Berchtold were jointly counts of Neuenburg, both holding the title of \'comes et dominus de Novo castro\' until a further division in 1218, when Ulrich became sole count of Neuenburg.

    About 1170 Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa appointed Ulrich to the position of Bailiff of Bienne, which became hereditary. The bailiwick took in the Val-de-Saint-Imier and the mountain of Diesse. In 1180 he was invested with several German fiefs by the bishop of Lausanne. He took part in the Third Crusade, returning in 1190. In 1198 Roger de Vico-Pisano, bishop of Lausanne, granted him the right to coin his own money, which the counts of Neuenburg retained until 1225. In 1218 he exchanged the estates he held on the Saône for the Val-de-Travers which he raised to a barony.

    In 1218, four years after granting franchises to the town of Neuenburg, Ulrich and his nephew Berchtold I divided their joint holdings. Berchtold became lord of Neuenburg and the Swiss-Romande lands, while Ulrich kept the Swiss-German lands and the sole countship of Neuenburg, arrangements that were confirmed in 1215, 1225 and 1226.

    This division made sense, as the death of Berchtold V, the last duke of Zähringen and warden of Burgundy, meant that his rights reverted to Emperor Friedrich II and his son Heinrich (VII) von Hohenstaufen, with the implication that all the dynasties which had submitted to Berchtold V were henceforth subject to the Holy Roman Empire. To preserve his independence, Ulrich decided to detach from the lordship of Neuenburg those of Nidau, Büren and Aarberg, and to combine them with those of Strassberg (a castle located at Büren an der Aare), Illens and Arconciel, and at the same time \'confirming\' himself as count of Neuenburg, taking advantage of the confusion triggered by the transfer of rights to the emperor.

    With his first wife Gertrud, Ulrich had numerous children, of whom Ulrich I and Agnes are recorded with progeny. Otto and Heinrich had Church careers, Heinrich rising to be bishop of Basel. In 1202 Ulrich remarried, to Yolande von Urach, daughter of Egon IV von Urach, but no progeny is recorded.

    Ulrich died on 1 August 1225. After his death his inheritance was divided between his three lay sons. Rudolf I received the county of Nidau, Berthold I that of Strassberg and Ulrich I that of Aarberg.  [1
    Died 1 Aug 1225  Suisse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3038  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2018 

    Father Ulrich II, Herr von Neuenburg,   b. Abt 1120/25,   d. Abt 1191, on crusade Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Mother Berta,   b. Granges-Le-Bourg, Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1192, Suisse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1999  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Yolande (Jolanthe) D\'Urach, Heiress of Arberg,   b. Arberg, Baviere, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1225 
    Children 
    +1. Agnes von Neuenburg,   b. Suisse Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 31 Aug 1263, Suisse Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F1997  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00197145&tree=LEO.