Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Engelbert I Von Sponheim

Engelbert I Von Sponheim[1]

Male Bef 1060 - 1096  (~ 36 years)

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  • Name Engelbert I Von Sponheim 
    Born Bef 1060  Burgsponheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Engelbert was the oldest son of Graf Siegfried I von Sponheim and Richardis of Lavant. In the Investiture Dispute he and his brothers belonged to the party of the South German Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand von Soana, 1020-1085), and as a supporter of Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg he fought in 1085 and 1086 against the anti-bishop Berthold installed by King Heinrich IV. In 1086 he succeeded in bringing Archbishop Gebhard from exile back to Salzburg. Because of his involvement in the Investiture Dispute, Engelbert was in 1091 relieved by Emperor Heinrich IV of the countship of Pustertal, which the emperor later gave to Bishop Burkhard of Brixen.

    Engelbert was married to Hadwich, whose origins have not been established definitely though new research suggests that she came from Friuli. They had seven children of whom two, Engelbert II and Richgard, are recorded as having progeny.

    As a follower of Pope Gregory VII, Engelbert committed to advancing Gregory\'s efforts at reform, and he founded the Abbey of St.Paul next to the church of St.Paul at his mother\'s castle in the Lavanttal where his parents were buried. In 1085 he sent his eldest son Engelbert II to negotiate with Abbot Wilhelm in Hirsau, Swabia, and gain his support for the reforms. Wilhelm sent twelve monks, led by Wezilo of East Franconia, to the Lavanttal. On 1 May 1091 Engelbert handed over the church and abbey of St.Paul to the monks, and richly endowed the new abbey. Wezilo became the first abbot, it would become the house abbey of the Sponheims, who continued to endow it generously. The oldest burial grounds of the house of Sponheim and its side branches are to be found there.

    In 1095 Engelbert himself entered the abbey as a monk. He died there on 1 April 1096.  [2
    History The House of Sponheim or Spanheim (also called Sponheimer or Spanheimer) was a noble family of the Holy Roman Empire in the High Middle Ages. They were Dukes of Carinthia (former Carantania) from 1122 until 1269 and Counts of Sponheim until 1437. Their family seat was Sponheim Castle, present-day Burgsponheim, Rhineland-Palatinate.

    In the 11th century the family was divided in two closely related branches. One of these branches, probably the senior one, retained the Duchy of Carinthia and originated the County of Ortenburg (Bavaria). The other one remained in Southwest Germany, retaining the County of Sponheim.

    The founder of the ducal branch was Siegfried I, Count of Sponheim (1010\endash 1065), a Ripuarian Frank by birth and retainer of Emperor Conrad II. For this reason the family is sometimes termed the Siegfrieding. Siegfried followed Conrad in his 1035 campaign against Adalbero of Eppenstein, then Duke of Carinthia. He married Richgard, daughter of one Count Engelbert of the Bavarian Sieghardinger noble family and heir to large territories in Carinthia and Tyrol. In 1045 Siegfried, then called Count of Sponheim, received the title of a margrave of the Hungarian March by Emperor Henry III. After the House of Eppenstein became extinct in 1122, his grandson Henry III of Sponheim was raised to the Duke of Carinthia, inaugurating a dynasty which lasted until the death of Ulric III in 1269.

    The founder of the Rhenish branch was Stephan I, Count of Sponheim (\endash 1080), which could have been a 1st cousin, a son or a nephew of Siegfried. One of his successors Gottfried III (1183\endash 1218) married Adelheid of Sayn, sister and heiress of the last Count of Sayn, Henry II. In 1437 this branch's ruling male line in Sponheim died out, and female line descendants, namely the Margraves of Baden and the Counts Palatine of Simmern-Zweibr├╝cken-Birkenfeld, took on the title of Count to Sponheim, along with the Electors Palatine, who had received a small part as dowry. [1]

    The branch of the Counts of Ortenburg is still living today in Tambach (Bavaria). A lateral line of the Rhenish branch survives also with the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein. 
    Died 1 Apr, 1096 
    Person ID I269  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 9 Mar 2018 

    Father Siegfried, Markgraf of Ungarnmark, Graf im Pustertal,   b. Abt 1010,   d. 7 Feb 1065, Bulgarie Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Mother Richgard,   d. Abt 9 Jul 1072 
    Family ID F1311  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Hedwig Von Flinsbach,   b. Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Engelbert II Von Sponheim, Duke of Carinthia,   b. Abt 1086, Carinthia, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr, 1141, Austria, about 55 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years)
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 
    Family ID F128  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Engelbert I Graf im Draichgau, Graf von Sponheim
    Engelbert I Graf im Draichgau, Graf von Sponheim
    Engelbert became a monk at the Abbey of St Paul in Lavanttal

  • Sources 
    1. [S13] Genealogy-Knights from Continental Europe to England'Ireland, Patrick R. Knight, (http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/1336.htm).

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00080240&tree=LEO.