Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Mathilde De Flandre, Queen of England

Mathilde De Flandre, Queen of England

Female 1031 - 1083  (52 years)

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  • Name Mathilde De Flandre 
    Suffix Queen of England 
    Born 1031  Flandre, Belgique Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Matilda was a seventh generation direct descendent of Alfred the Great. Her marriage to William strengthened his claim to the throne. All sovereigns of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom have been descended from her, as is the present Queen Elizabeth II.  [1
    History Source :
    "Matilda of Flanders (French: Mathilde de Flandre; Dutch: Mathilda van Vlaanderen) (c. 1031 \endash 2 November 1083) was the wife of William the Conqueror and, as such, Queen consort of the Kingdom of England. She bore William nine/ten children, including two kings, William II and Henry I.

    Marriage
    Matilda, or Maud, was the daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Adèle of France, herself daughter of Robert II of France. According to legend, when Duke William II of Normandy (later known as William the Conqueror) sent his representative to ask for Matilda's hand in marriage, she told the representative that she was far too high-born, to consider marrying a bastard. After hearing this response, William rode from Normandy to Bruges, found Matilda on her way to church, and dragged her off her horse by her long braids, threw her down in the street in front of her flabbergasted attendants, and rode off. Another version of the story states that William rode to Matilda's father's house in Lille, threw her to the ground in her room (again, by the braids), and hit her (or violently battered her) before leaving. Naturally, Baldwin took offense at this but, before they drew swords, Matilda settled the matter by agreeing to marry him, and even a papal ban on the grounds of consanguinity did not dissuade her. They were married in 1053.
    There were rumors that Matilda had been in love with the English ambassador to Flanders, a Saxon named Brihtric, who declined her advances. Whatever the truth of the matter, years later when she was acting as Regent for William in England, she used her authority to confiscate Brihtric's lands and throw him into prison, where he died.

    Duchess of Normandy
    When William was preparing to invade England, Matilda outfitted a ship, the Mora, out of her own money and gave it to him. This indicated that she must have owned rich lands in Normandy to be able to do so. Even after William conquered England and became its king, it took her more than a year to visit her new kingdom. Even after she had been crowned queen, she would spend most of her time in Normandy and sponsor ecclestial houses there.

    Queen
    Matilda was crowned queen in 1068 in Westminster, in a ceremony presided over by the archbishop of York. During the ceremony she was said to be sharing in power with her husband and the people were said to be fortunate to be ruled by the ability and wisdom of the queen. ...

    Height
    Reputed to be 4'2" (127 cm) tall, Matilda was England's smallest queen, according to the Guinness Book of Records . However, in 1819 and 1959 Matilda's incomplete skeleton was examined in France, and her bones were measured to determine her height. The 1819 estimate was under five feet, while the 1959 estimate was 5' (152 cm) tall. A reputed height of 4' 2" (127 cm) appeared at some point after 1959 in the non-scientific literature, misrepresenting the 1959 measurement.

    Issue
    Some doubt exists over how many daughters there were. This list includes some entries which are obscure.
    - Robert Curthose (c. 1054\endash 1134), Duke of Normandy, married Sybil of Conversano, daughter of Geoffrey of Conversano
    - Adeliza (or Alice) (c. 1055 \endash ?), reportedly betrothed to Harold II of England (Her existence is in some doubt.)
    - Cecilia (or Cecily) (c. 1056\endash 1126), Abbess of Holy Trinity, Caen
    - William Rufus (1056\endash 1100), King of the English
    - Richard (1057 \endash c. 1081), killed by a stag in New Forest
    - Adela (c. 1062\endash 1138), married Stephen, Count of Blois
    - Agatha (c. 1064 \endash c. 1080), betrothed to (1) Harold of Wessex, (2) Alfonso VI of Castile
    - Constance (c. 1066\endash 1090), married Alan IV Fergent, Duke of Brittany; poisoned, possibly by her own servants
    - Maud (very obscure, her existence is in some doubt)
    - Henry Beauclerc (1068\endash 1135), King of England, married (1) Edith of Scotland, daughter of Malcolm III, King of Scotland, (2) Adeliza of Louvain
    - Gundred (c. 1063\endash 1085), wife of William de Warenne (c. 1055\endash 1088), was formerly thought of as being yet another of Matilda's daughters, with speculation that she was William I's full daughter, a stepdaughter, or even a foundling or adopted daughter. However, this connection to William I has now been firmly debunked.

    Matilda was a seventh generation direct descendent of Alfred the Great. Her marriage to William strengthened his claim to the throne. All sovereigns of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom have been descended from her, as is the present Queen Elizabeth II. 
    Died 2 Nov, 1083  Normandie, France, age 52 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Abbaye-Aux-Hommes, Caen, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I243  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 

    Father Baudouin V De Flandre, Dit Baudouin Le Pieux Ou De Lille,   b. 1012, Arras, Nord-Pas-De-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Sep, 1067, Lille, Nord-Pas-De-Calais, France, age 55 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Mother Sainte Adele De France,   b. 1009, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jan, 1079, Messines, Flandres, Belguque, age 70 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Family ID F116  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family William the Conquerer, King of England,   b. 1027, Falaise, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep, 1087, Rouen, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Children 
    +1. King Henri I of England, Beauclerc, Duc De Normandie,   b. 1068-1069, Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec, 1135, Lyons-La-Foret, Normandie, France, age 67 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 
    Family ID F115  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Mathilde of Flanders, Queen of England
    Mathilde of Flanders, Queen of England
    Matilda of Flanders
    Matilda of Flanders

  • Sources 
    1. [S13] Genealogy-Knights from Continental Europe to England'Ireland, Patrick R. Knight, (http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/1336.htm), http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/760.htm.