Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Matilda of England, Empress Holy Roman Empire

Matilda of England, Empress Holy Roman Empire[1]

Female 1102 - 1167  (65 years)

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  • Name Matilda of England 
    Suffix Empress Holy Roman Empire 
    Born 7 Feb, 1102  Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England 
    History Source :
    "Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 1102 \endash 10 September 1167), also known as Matilda of England or Maude, was the daughter and heir of King Henry I of England. Matilda and her younger brother, William Adelin, were the only legitimate children of King Henry to survive to adulthood. William's early death in the White ship disaster in 1120 made Matilda the last heir from the paternal line of her grandfather William the Conqueror.
    As a child, Matilda was betrothed to and later married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, acquiring the title Empress. The couple had no known children. After being widowed for a few years, she was married to Geoffrey count of Anjou, with whom she had three sons, the eldest of whom became King Henry II of England.
    Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England. The length of her effective rule was brief, however\emdash a few months in 1141. She was never crowned and failed to consolidate her rule (legally and politically). For this reason, she is normally excluded from lists of English monarchs, and her rival (and cousin) Stephen of Blois is listed as monarch for the period 1135\endash 1154. Their rivalry for the throne led to years of unrest and civil war in England that have been called The Anarchy. She did secure her inheritance of the Duchy of Normandy\emdash through the military feats of her husband, Geoffrey\emdash and campaigned unstintingly for her oldest son's inheritance, living to see him ascend the throne of England in 1154.

    Early life
    Matilda was the elder of the two children born to Henry I of England and his wife Matilda of Scotland (also known as Edith) who survived infancy; her younger brother was William Adelin.
    Her maternal grandparents were Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Margaret was daughter of Edward the Exile and granddaughter of Edmund II of England. Most historians believe Matilda was born in Winchester, but one, John M. Fletcher, argues for the possibility of the royal palace at Sutton (now Sutton Courtenay) in Berkshire. Her paternal grandparents were William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders.

    Marriages
    When she was seven years old, Matilda was betrothed to the 23 years old Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor; at eight, she was sent to the Holy Roman Empire (Germany) to begin training for the life of an empress consort. The eight-year-old Matilda was crowned Queen of the Romans in Mainz on 25 July 1110. Aged 12, Matilda was made a child bride as the royal couple were married at Mainz on 7 January 1114. Matilda accompanied Henry on tours to Rome and Tuscany. Matilda later acted as regen, mainly in Italy, in his absence. Emperor Henry died on 23 May 1125. The imperial couple had no surviving offspring, but Herman of Tournai states that Matilda bore a son who lived only a short while.
    Matilda returned to England. Henry I then arranged a second marriage for Matilda, to ensure peace between Normandy and Anjou. On 17 June 1128, Matilda, then 26, was married to Geoffrey of Anjou, then 14. He was also Count of Maine and heir apparent to (his father) the Count of Anjou \emdash whose title he soon acquired, making Matilda Countess of Anjou. It was a title she rarely used. Geoffrey called himself "Plantagenet" from the broom flower (planta genista) he adopted as his personal emblem. Plantagenet became the dynastic name of the powerful line of English kings descended from Matilda and Geoffrey.
    Matilda's marriage with Geoffrey was troubled, with frequent long separations, but they had three sons. The eldest, Henry, was born on 5 March 1133. In 1134, she almost died in childbirth, following the birth of Geoffrey, Count of Nantes. A third son, William X, Count of Poitou, was born in 1136. She survived her second husband, who died in Sept. 1151.
    ..."  [2
    Died 10 Sep, 1167  Normandie, France, age 65 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Abbaye Du Bec, Normandie, France/Abbaye Notre-Dame Du Pre, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I239  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 16 Feb 2018 

    Father King Henri I of England, Beauclerc, Duc De Normandie,   b. 1068-1069, Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec, 1135, Lyons-La-Foret, Normandie, France, age 67 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Queen Matilda of Scotland,   b. 1080, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May, 1118, Westminister Abbey, London, England, age 38 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F114  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Geoffroy V D'Anjou, Dit Le Bel & Plantagenet,   b. 24 Aug, 1113, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep, 1151, Chateau-Du-Loir, France at age 38 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Children 
    +1. King Henri II of England Plantagenet, Duc of Normandie,   b. 5 Mar, 1133, Le Mans, Pays-De-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul, 1189, Chinon, Pays De Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 
    Family ID F113  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Geoffroy V D'Anjou, Dit Le Bel & Plantagenet,   b. 24 Aug, 1113, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep, 1151, Chateau-Du-Loir, France at age 38 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 17 Jun, 1128  Winchester Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Henri II of England, Plantagenet, Duke of Normandy,   b. 5 Mar, 1133, Le Mand, Pays-De-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul, 1189, Chinon, Pays De Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
    Last Modified 16 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F961  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Geoffroy V D'Anjou, Dit Le Bel & Plantagenet,   b. 24 Aug, 1113, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep, 1151, Chateau-Du-Loir, France at age 38 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 17 Jun 1128 
    Children 
    +1. Henri II (Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress) of England, Plantagenet, King of England 1154-1189,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mand, Pays-De-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Pays De Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 19 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1059  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Matilda of Boulogne, Empress Holy Roman Empire
    Matilda of Boulogne, Empress Holy Roman Empire

  • Sources 
    1. [S17] Encyclopaedia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Matilda-daughter-of-Henry-I.

    2. [S13] Genealogy-Knights from Continental Europe to England'Ireland, Patrick R. Knight, (http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/1336.htm), http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/755.htm.