Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Duchesse Alienor D'Aquitaine de Guyenne, Queen of England

Duchesse Alienor D'Aquitaine de Guyenne, Queen of England

Female 1124 - 1204  (80 years)

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  • Name Alienor D'Aquitaine de Guyenne 
    Title Duchesse 
    Suffix Queen of England 
    Born 1122-1124  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Source :
    "Eleanor of Aquitaine (in French: Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Éléonore de Guyenne) (1122 or 1124 \endash 1 April 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Western Europe during the High Middle Ages. As well as being Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right, she was queen consort of France (1137\endash 1152) and of England (1154\endash 1189). Eleanor of Aquitaine is the only woman to have been queen of both France and England, with the exception of Margaret of Anjou whose status as Queen of France is disputed. She was the patroness of such literary figures as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-More, and Chrétien de Troyes.
    Eleanor succeeded her father as suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine and Countess of Poitiers at the age of fifteen, and thus became the most eligible bride in Europe. Three months after her accession she married Louis VII, son and junior co-ruler of her guardian, King Louis VI of France. As Queen of France, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon after the Crusade was over, Louis VII and Eleanor agreed to dissolve their marriage, because of Eleanor's own desire for divorce and also because the only children they had were two daughters \endash Marie and Alix. The royal marriage was annulled on 11 March 1152, on the grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custody of them awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her.
    As soon as she arrived in Poitiers, Eleanor became engaged to Henry II, Duke of the Normans, her cousin within the third degree, who was nine years younger. On 18 May 1152, eight weeks after the annulment of her first marriage, Eleanor married the Duke of the Normans. On 25 October 1154 her husband ascended the throne of the Kingdom of England, making Eleanor Queen of the English. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight children: five sons, three of whom would become king, and three daughters. However, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. She was imprisoned between 1173 and 1189 for supporting her son Henry's revolt against her husband, King Henry II.
    Eleanor was widowed on 6 July 1189. Her husband was succeeded by their son, Richard the Lionheart, who immediately moved to release his mother. Now queen dowager, Eleanor acted as a regent for her son while he went off on the Third Crusade. Eleanor survived her son Richard and lived well into the reign of her youngest son King John. By the time of her death she had outlived all of her children except for King John and Eleanor, Queen of Castile.

    Early life
    The exact date and place of Eleanor's birth are not known. A late 13th century genealogy of her family listed her as 13 years old in the spring of 1137. Some chronicles mentioned a fidelity oath of some lords of Aquitaine on the occasion of Eleanor's fourteenth birthday in 1136; this and her known age of 82 at her death makes 1122 her likely year of birth. Her parents almost certainly married in 1121. Her birth place may have been Poitiers, Bordeaux, or Nieul-sur-l'Autise, where her mother died when she was 6 or 8.
    Eleanor or Aliénor was the oldest of three children of William X, Duke of Aquitaine, whose glittering ducal court was on the leading edge of early\endash 12th-century culture, and his wife, Aenor de Châtellerault, the daughter of Aimeric I, Viscount of Châtellerault, and Dangereuse, who was William IX's longtime mistress as well as Eleanor's maternal grandmother. Her parents' marriage had been arranged by Dangereuse with her paternal grandfather, the Troubadour.
    Eleanor was named for her mother Aenor and called Aliénor, from the Latin alia Aenor, which means the other Aenor. It became Eléanor in the langues d'oïl (Northern French) and Eleanor in English.[5] There is, however, an earlier Eleanor on record: Eleanor of Normandy, William the Conqueror's aunt, who lived a century earlier than Eleanor of Aquitaine. 
    History The eldest daughter of Guillaume VIII-X de Poitou, duc d\'Aquitaine, and Aénor de Châtellerault, Eleanor was born about 1124. When her brother Guillaume died in 1137 she became her father\'s heir. She was brought up by her grandfather, the renowned troubadour Guillaume VII-IX d\'Aquitaine. When her father also died in 1137 she inherited the duchy of Aquitaine and married the French king, Louis VII. Their son was stillborn, but their two daughters would have progeny. Eleanor accompanied her husband on crusade and was rumoured to have had affaires with Saladin and others. On their return to France, Louis VII had their marriage annulled on 18 March 1152 on grounds of consanguinity.

    Eleanor, then about 30, wasted no time in seducing the nineteen-year-old Henry, duke of Normandy, marrying him on 18 May 1152 in Bordeaux. Over the next fifteen years five sons and three daughters were born. Eleanor and Henry then grew apart and, when their children had grown up, she supported first one son and then another against Henry. In November 1173 Henry captured Eleanor and imprisoned her and she remained imprisoned until Henry died in 1189. Eleanor lived long enough to outlive her son Richard \'the Lionheart\' and see her favourite son John become king before she herself died in 1204 aged about eighty-two, to be buried at Fontevrault.  [1
    Died 1 Apr, 1204  Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France age 82 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Fontevraud, Pays de Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I204  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 19 Feb 2018 

    Father Guillaume X De Poitiers, Duke of Aquitaine,   b. 1099, Toulouse, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr, 1137, Spain at age 38 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Aenor De Chatellerault, Duchesse D'aquitaine,   b. abt1103, Chatellerault, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1130, Talmont-Saint-Hilaire, Pays De Loire, France, age 27 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F97  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family King Henri II of England Plantagenet, Duc of Normandie,   b. 5 Mar, 1133, Le Mans, Pays-De-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul, 1189, Chinon, Pays De Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Alienor of England,   b. Sep 1161, Domfront, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1214, at age 53 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
    Last Modified 12 May 2017 
    Family ID F96  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Alienor D\'Aquitaine, Queen of England.jpg
    Alienor D\'Aquitaine, Queen of England.jpg
    Alienor D\'Aquitaine, Queen
    Alienor D\'Aquitaine, Queen

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00002952&tree=LEO.