Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Ardoino, Count of Susa and Torino

Male Est 910 - Aft 976  (~ 66 years)

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  • Name Ardoino  
    Suffix Count of Susa and Torino 
    Born Est 910 
    Gender Male 
    History BIOGRAPHY
    Ardoino \'Glabrio\' (the Bald) was the eldest son of Ruggiero, count of Susa, count of Auriate, a Frankish nobleman who migrated into Italy in the early tenth century. Auriate comprised the region bound by the Alps, the Po River, and the Stura, today the regions of the Saluzzese and Cuneese. Ardoino succeeded his father sometime around 935. He was margrave of Turin from about 950. He placed his family, the Ardoinoici, on a firm foundation and established the march of Turin through conquests and royal concessions. The _Chronicon Novaliciense,_ the chronicle of the abbey of Novalesa, is the primary source for his life.

    Count Ardoino _(Ardoino comes)_ is first documented on 13 April 945, when he sat in judgement at a conference _(placitum)_ at Pavia in the presence of King Lothar. It was probably earlier, between 940 and 942, that he had acquired Turin and the Susa valley, bringing Novalese back under Christian control. In 941 Lothar\'s father Hugo of Arles, king of Italy, exiled Berengar of Ivrea (later Berengar II, king of Italy) and abolished the march of Ivrea. Since Berengar\'s family, the Anscarids, had hitherto held Turin it is probable that Hugo bestowed it on Ardoino at this time. By the spring of 942 Berengar had arrived at the court of Otto I of Germany.

    In 945 Berengar returned from exile in Germany and defeated Hugo in battle. In a diet Berengar held at Milan, Hugo was deposed, though he managed to come to terms by which he nominally kept the crown and the title _rex_ (king), but he returned to Provence, leaving his son Lothar as nominal king, though Berengar dominated the younger Lothar and his mother Alda. He appears as _summus consiliarius_ (highest counsellor) in March-April 945 and _consors regni_ (royal consort) in June 948. Ardoino moved closer to Berengar during this period and probably benefited from Berengar\'s coronation on 15 December 950. On 13 November 950 he was given the administration of the abbey of Novalesa, legally by Lothar, but probably through Berengar. At that time Turin was Ardoino\'s principal residence. Though he is not recorded with the title of _marchio_ (margrave) until 20 June 967, it was probably during the reorganisation of the marches in Berengar\'s succession that he received the title and the_marca Ardoinoica._ The march consisted of the counties of Auriate, Turin, Asti, Albenga, and probably Bredula, Alba, and Ventimiglia.

    The early twelfth-century Vita Mathildis, the biography of Matilda, marchioness of Tuscany, by Domnizo, places Ardoino at the siege of Canossa by Berengar in 951, after Alda, the former queen mother, had sought the protection of Adalberto Azzo of Canossa. This story is probably false, since Ardoino was cultivating a marital alliance with Adalberto Azzo, whose daughter Prangorda eventually married his son and successor Manfredo I.

    From an early date Ardoino was fighting the Saracens who had occupied the Susa Valley and established a base at Fraxinetum in neighbouring Provence. He may have expelled them from the valley in 940-41. To this he probably added Albenga, Alba, and Ventimiglia by conquest. He definitely took part in the wars of the brothers Guillaume II \'le Liberateur\' and Roubaud II, counts of Provence, against the Saracens of Fraxinetum. According to Liutprand of Cremona in his _Antapodosis,_ in 972 or 973 Ardoino and Roubaud led the successful assault on Fraxinetum itself. Guillaume meanwhile attacked the abductors of Abbot Maieul of Cluny. According to a later comital document of 1041, he took the cities of Tenda, Briga, and Saorgio from them and granted them concessions.

    Ardoino was last recorded alive on 4 April 976. Despite the fact that he repatriated their land from the Saracens, the monks of Novalesa - who had fled Saracen incursions in 906 and were still in Turin as late as 929 - accused him of disrespecting their rights. Ardoino married a woman named Vmille in the _Necrologio Sanctae Andreae Taurinensis,_ probably Emilia or Immula. They had two daughters, Alsinda, who married Giselbert II of Bergamo, and Richilda, who married Konrad, conte di Ventimiglia, and three sons, Manfredo, Ardoino and Otto. Manfredo, who would have progeny, succeeded him on his death.  [1
    Died Aft 4 Apr 976 
    Person ID I1912  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 2 Mar 2018 

    Father Ruggiero, Count of Susa, Count of Auriate,   d. yes 
    Family ID F1198  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Emilia (Immula)(Vmille),   d. yes 
    Married 991 
    +1. Manfredo I, Count of Susa,   b. 950,   d. Abt 1000  (Age 50 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 2 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1197  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00121012&tree=LEO.