Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Stephan V, King of Hungary 1270-1272

Stephan V, King of Hungary 1270-1272[1]

Male 1240 - 1272  (32 years)

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  • Name Stephan V  
    Suffix King of Hungary 1270-1272 
    Born 1240 
    Gender Male 
    History Stephan V, king of Hungary, was born about 1240, the eldest son of Béla IV, king of Hungary, whom he succeeded in 1270. His mother was Maria Laskarina, a daughter of Theodoros I Komnenos Laskaris, emperor of Nicea, and Anna Komnene Angelina, the daughter of Alexios III Komnenos Angelos, emperor of Byzantium.

    As crown prince Stephan had exhibited considerable ability, but also a disquieting restlessness and violence. He was appointed duke of Transylvania, then duke of Styria. After the loss of Styria, he became duke of Transylvania again. In 1262 Stephan convinced his father Béla to give him twenty-nine counties as a reward for his assistance in the war against Bohemia; hence Hungary was virtually divided into two kingdoms. Stephan was crowned junior king of Hungary. Though Hungary was de facto divided into two kingdoms the legal unity remained, because Stephan theoretically ruled by the grace of God and his father. He subsequently seized the southern banate of Macsó and defeated his father in the ensuing civil war. In 1268 he undertook an expedition against the Bulgarians, penetrating as far as Veliko Tarnovo and styling himself as king of Bulgaria.

    Stephan\'s father, attempting to bind the powerful but pagan Cuman tribe more closely to the dynasty, had arranged for Stephan\'s marriage in about 1254 to Erzsebet, the daughter of a Cuman chieftain. Though Erzsebet, in preparation for the marriage, had been baptised and remained a Christian, Western Europe almost universally considered Stephan as semi-pagan.

    To secure foreign support, Stephan formed a double matrimonial alliance with the Angevins, chief partisans of the pope. The first of these was the marriage in 1270 of his daughter Maria of Hungary to Charles II, king of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem (they became grandparents of Charles II Robert, king of Hungary). The second alliance was the marriage of Stephan\'s infant son Lászlo to Charles II\'s sister Elisabeth d\'Anjou.

    Andronikus II Palaikologos, emperor of Byzantium, married Anna, another of Stephan\'s daughters, and Stefan Dragutin, king of Serbia, married Stephan\'s daughter Katalin.

    Adversaries of Stephan, especially Przemysl Ottokar II, king of Bohemia, believed that Stephan was too great a friend of the mighty Cumans (who could field 16,000 men) to be a true Catholic. Ottokar endeavoured with the aid of the Hungarian malcontents to conquer the western provinces of Hungary, but they were utterly routed by Stephan in 1271 near Mosony. Ottokar relinquished all his conquests the same year in the Peace of Pressburg.

    Stephan died suddenly on 1 August 1272 as he was raising an army to rescue his kidnapped infant son Lászlo from the rebellious vassals.   [2
    Died 1 Aug 1272 
    Person ID I1820  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2018 

    Father Bela IV, King of Hungary 1235-1270,   b. 1206,   d. 3 May 1270  (Age 64 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Maria Laskarina,   b. Abt 1206,   d. Abt 1270  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Married 1218 
    Family ID F1140  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Erzsebet (Elizabeth), of the Cumans,   b. Abt 1240,   d. Aft 1290  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Married 1254 
    +1. Maria I, Queen of Hungary,   b. Abt 1257,   d. 25 Mar 1323, Napoli Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1139  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Stephan V, King of Hungary and Croatia
    Stephan V, King of Hungary and Croatia

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_V_of_Hungary.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020689&tree=LEO.