Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Charles, Comte de Valois

Charles, Comte de Valois

Male 1270 - 1325  (55 years)

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  • Name Charles  
    Suffix Comte de Valois 
    Born 12 Mar 1270  Carenne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History Charles, comte de Valois, was born on 12 March 1270 at Carenne, son of Philippe III \'le Hardi\', king of France and Isabelle of Aragón. Fairly intelligent, inordinately ambitious and rather greedy, Charles collected principalities. He was count of Valois, Alençon and Chartres and, by his first marriage, count of Anjou and Maine. He was a son, brother, brother-in-law and son-in-law of kings or queens (of France, Navarre, England and Naples), as well, after his death, as father of a king.

    However he dreamt and schemed all his life to gain a crown he was never to succeed in obtaining. In 1280 the pope recognised him as king of Aragón (under the pope\'s vassalage) as his mother\'s son, in competition with King Peter III \'the Great\' of Aragón who, after conquering the island of Sicily, became an enemy of the papacy. On 16 August 1290 at Corbeil Charles married Marguerite of Anjou, Neapolitan daughter of Charles II, king of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem, who was supported by the pope. Charles and Marguerite had six children of whom two sons and two daughters would have progeny. Thanks to this crusade against Aragón, undertaken by his father against the wishes of Charles\' brother, the future Philippe IV of France, he thought to gain a kingdom and only garnered the ridicule of being crowned with a cardinal\'s hat in 1285, which gave him the nickname \'the hat king\'. He never dared to use the royal seal made for the occasion and had to give up the title.

    His greatest quality was as an effective battle commander. He commanded in Flanders with distinction in 1297. King Philippe IV determined rather precipitously from this that his brother could lead a campaign in Italy.

    Charles then contemplated the imperial crown, and on 8 February 1301 he married Catherine de Courtenay, granddaughter and heiress of the last Latin emperor of Constantinople, Baudouin II. He needed the complicity of the pope, which he obtained while going with an army to the aid of his former father-in-law Charles II of Anjou, king of Naples. Appointed pontifical vicar, he became lost in the imbroglio of Italian politics, was compromised in a massacre in Florence and in sordid financial dealings, gained Sicily where he consolidated his reputation as a plunderer, and returned to France discredited in 1301-1302. With Catherine he had four children of whom two daughters would have progeny.

    Charles again began to covet a crown when the emperor-elect Albrecht von Habsburg died in 1308. His brother Philippe IV encouraged him in this, not himself wishing to risk failure and probably thinking that a man of straw on the imperial throne would be a good thing for France. The candidature fell through with the election of Heinrich VII. Charles continued to dream of the Eastern crown of the Courtenays.

    In June 1308 Charles married Mahaut de Châtillon, daughter of Guy III de Châtillon, comte de St.Pol, and Marie de Bretagne. They had three daughters who would all have progeny. He did not profit from the affection that Philippe IV had felt for him, which led Philippe to give him responsibilities that largely exceeded his talents. It was Charles who in 1311 led the royal delegation to the conferences at Tournai with the Flemings; he clashed there with Enguerrand de Marigny, who patently eclipsed him. Charles did not forgive the affront and was the strongest opponent of Marigny after the death of the Philippe IV.

    The untimely death of Philippe\'s son Louis X in 1316 gave Charles hope of a political role, but he could not prevent Louis\' brother Philippe de France, Charles\' nephew, from taking the regency while waiting to become King Philippe V. On Philippe\'s death in 1324 no one considered the count of Valois as his successor.

    In 1324 he successfully commanded the army of his nephew Charles IV, Philippe V\'s successor, in Guyenne.

    Charles de Valois died on 16 December 1325. Two of his sons survived him: the elder was Philippe, the future king of France under the name Philippe VI; the younger was Charles, count of Alençon.  [1
    History Marriages and children[edit]
    Charles was married three times.

    His first marriage, in 1290, was to his double second cousin Margaret, Countess of Anjou, (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples.[3] They had the following children:

    Isabelle of Valois (1292 – 1309). Married John, Prince of Brittany (later Duke John III).
    Philip VI (1293 – 22 August 1350), first King of the Valois Dynasty.
    Joan of Valois (1294 – 7 March 1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut, and had issue.
    Margaret of Valois (1295 – July 1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.
    Charles II of Valois (1297 – 26 August 1346 at the Battle of Crécy), Count of Alençon. Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.
    Catherine of Valois (1299 – died young).
    In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1307), titular Empress of Constantinople.[5] They had four children:

    John of Valois (1302 – 1308), Count of Chartres.
    Catherine II of Valois (1303 – October 1346), titular Empress of Constantinople and Princess of Achaea.[6] She married Philip I d\'Anjou, Prince of Taranto, and had issue.
    Joan of Valois (1304 – 9 July 1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.
    Isabelle of Valois (1305 – 11 November 1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.[7]
    Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Châtillon (1293–1358),[1] daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children:

    Marie of Valois (1309 – 28 October 1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria, and had issue.
    Isabella of Valois (1313 – 26 July 1383).[8] She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.
    Blanche of Valois (1317 – 1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called \"Marguerite\".
    Louis of Valois (1318 – 2 November 1328), Count of Chartres and Lord of Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais.[9]
    Charles de Valois was also known to have one natural child by an unknown mother.[10] This child was placed in a nunnery, and yet was also treated as a legitimate heir to estates, being granted title to lands in Avignon upon her majority:

    Theresa of Avignon, Countess of Avignon (1335–1387)[10]
    In fiction[edit]
    Charles is a major character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. He was portrayed by Jean Deschamps (fr) in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Jacques Spiesser in the 2005 adaptation.  [2
    Died 16 Dec 1325  Le Perray, Rambouillet Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1816  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 13 Mar 2018 

    Father King Philippe III De France,   b. 1 May, 1245, Poissy, Ile-De-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct, 1285, Perpignan, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, age 40 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Isabelle D'Aragon,   b. 1227,   d. 1271, France, age 24 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married 28 May 1262 
    Family ID F1326  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Marguerite, d\'Anjou,   b. Abt 1273,   d. 31 Dec 1299  (Age ~ 26 years) 
    Married 16 Aug 1290 
    +1. Joan (Jeanne), de Valois,   b. 1294, Valois, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1342, Fontenelle Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1137  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Charles, Comte de Valois
    Charles, Comte de Valois

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000227&tree=LEO.

    2. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles,_Count_of_Valois.