Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Joan (Jeanne), de Valois

Joan (Jeanne), de Valois

Female 1294 - 1342  (48 years)

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  • Name Joan (Jeanne)  
    Suffix de Valois 
    Born 1294  Valois, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    History Jeanne de Valois was born about 1294 at Valois, the daughter of Charles, comte de Valois, and Marguerite of Anjou and Maine. She was the great-granddaughter of St. Louis IX, niece of King Philippe IV \'le Bel\' of France, and sister of King Philippe VI. On 23 May 1305 Jeanne married Willem III \'the Good\', Graaf van Holland en Hainault, son of Jan II d\'Avesnes, Graaf van Holland en Hainault, and his wife Philippine of Luxembourg. They had eight children, of whom a son Willem and three daughters would have progeny.

    After the death of her husband on 8 June 1337, Jeanne took the veil and withdrew to the Cistercian abbey of Fontenelle near Maing, where she was joined by her daughter Isabella and her granddaughter Anna of Bavaria, daughter of her daughter Margaretha who married Ludwig IV \'der Bayer\', the Holy Roman Emperor.

    In June 1340 the French, in retiring towards Cambrai after an invasion of Hainault, partly burnt the abbey. The duke of Normandy, out of regard for his aunt Jeanne who had retired there, immediately punished the offending soldiers.

    Jeanne intervened in August 1340 to rescue Hainault from the disasters of the Hundred Years War. She travelled to Paris to meet her brother Philippe VI, then in Ghent she met her daughter Philippa and her son-in-law Edward III of England, and she achieved a truce between France and England which she succeeded in extending for ten months through the Treaty of Tournai of 25 September 1340, renewed twice through Jeanne\'s intervention; by the terms of the treaty Hainault was able to withdraw from the Franco-English conflict for the following hundred years.

    Jeanne died in the abbey of Fontenelle on 7 March 1342, and was buried there in the Ladies\' Choir. She had made Fontenelle into a wealthy abbey, a political centre of the time and a meeting place for the nobility.

    Jeanne\'s remains were rediscovered during archaeological excavations in 1977. They now rest in the right transept of the church of Maing where they were re-interred on 7 September 2001.  [1
    History Lineage[edit]
    Her paternal grandparents were Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. Her maternal grandparents were Charles II of Naples and Maria Arpad of Hungary. Joan was one of six children. In 1299, Joan\'s mother died, probably in childbirth, and her father married his second wife, Catherine I of Courtenay, Titular Empress of Constantinople, by whom he had four more children. He would marry his third wife, Mahaut of Ch√Ętillon, in 1308, and by her he would sire a son and three daughters, among them Isabella of Valois, who became Duchess of Bourbon, and Blanche of Valois, who married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

    Countess of Hainaut[edit]
    Joan married William I,[2] on 23 May 1305. She was a supporter of her cousin Isabella of France in her struggle against Edward II. In December 1325, she traveled to France to attend the funeral of her father and had talks with Isabella and Charles IV of France. This brought about an alliance between Hainaut, Isabella, and the English exiles, who were in opposition to the English king and his favorite, Hugh Despenser the Younger. Isabella\'s son became engaged to Joan\'s daughter Philippa and Isabella raised an army in their lands. It was also from there that Isabella and her lover, Roger Mortimer, began their invasion of England.

    In 1332, after Philippa had become queen, she arranged a wedding between Isabella\'s daughter Eleanor of Woodstock and Reginald II, Duke of Guelders, and she visited her daughter Philippa in England.

    Mediator[edit]
    After her husband died in 1337, Joan took the veil and entered into Fontenelle Abbey. In 1340, her son-in-law dealt her brother Philip a heavy blow by defeating him at sea near Sluys. Edward then went on to besiege Tournai, but was beset by financial problems. Pope Benedict XII then asked Joan to mediate. She first went to her brother, whom she had begged for peace. Then she went to Edward in his tent and begged him for peace as well. The pleas of their relative Joan, sent by the pope, allowed the two men to sign a truce without loss of face.[3]  [2
    Died 7 Mar 1342  Fontenelle Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1815  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2018 

    Father Charles, Comte de Valois,   b. 12 Mar 1270, Carenne Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 1325, Le Perray, Rambouillet Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Marguerite, d\'Anjou,   b. Abt 1273,   d. 31 Dec 1299  (Age ~ 26 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Married 16 Aug 1290 
    Family ID F1137  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family William III 'the Good', Graff van Holland end Hainault 1304-1337,   b. Abt 1286,   d. 8 Jun 1337, Valenciennes Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Married 23 May 1305 
    Children 
    +1. Phillipa of Holland en Hainault,   b. 24 Jun,1311, Hainault, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug, 1369, Windsor Castle Find all individuals with events at this location  [putative]
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F1136  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut
    Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut
    Jeanne de Valois

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005237&tree=LEO.

    2. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Valois,_Countess_of_Hainaut.