Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

King Henry, III Plantagenet

King Henry, III Plantagenet

Male 1207 - 1272  (65 years)

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  • Name Henry  
    Title King 
    Suffix III Plantagenet 
    Born 1 Oct, 1207  Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History A 13th century English king who came to the throne at an early age and whose reign was marked by strife with barons, led by Simon de Montfort.

    Henry was born on 1 October 1207 in Winchester, the son of John. Henry was nine when his father died and he became king. The country was ruled by a series of regencies until 1234, when Henry took over. Problems began as early as 1237, when his barons objected to the influence of Henry's Savoyard relatives. The marriage arranged in 1238 between Henry's sister and English nobleman Simon de Montfort only made relationship between Henry and his leading nobles worse. In 1242, Henry's half brothers involved him in a disastrously expensive military venture in France. This prompted parliament to demand new blood on the council to act as 'conservators of liberties' and oversee royal finances. But the king was able to exploit the differences between his opponents and little happened.

    Finally, in 1258 a bungled deal with the Papacy threatened Henry with excommunication. This, together with defeats in Wales and local crises, brought about the main crisis of his reign. The Provisions of Oxford (1258) created a 15-member privy council, selected by the barons, to advise the king and oversee the entire administration. Parliament was to be held three times a year and the households of the king and queen were also to be reformed.

    The settlement began to break down in 1260 with quarrels between the Earl of Gloucester and the ambitious Simon de Montfort. Civil war was inevitable. In May 1264, Simon de Montfort won a resounding victory at Lewes and set up a new government. In May 1265, Henry's eldest son Prince Edward escaped captivity and rallied the royalist forces, defeating and killing de Montfort at Evesham before taking control of government from his weakened father.

    The rest of the reign was occupied by resolving the problems created by the rebellion. Henry deprived de Montfort's supporters of their lands, but the 'disinherited' fought back until terms were agreed in 1266 for former rebels to buy back their lands. By 1270, the country was sufficiently settled for Edward to set off on crusade. Henry died on 16 November 1272. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, which he had largely rebuilt in the gothic style during his reign.  [1
    Died 16 Nov, 1272  Westminster Palace, London England age 65 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I180  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 12 May 2017 

    Father King John of England,   b. 24 Dec, 1168, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18-19 Oct, 1216, Newark Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England age 50 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years) 
    Mother Isabelle D'Angouleme, Queen Consort of England,   b. 1188, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May, 1246, Abaye de Fontevraud, Pays de Loire, France age 58 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Family ID F86  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleonore De Provence,   b. 1223, Aix-enProvence, Provence-Alpes-Cote D'azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun, 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England age 68 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Edward, I,   b. 17 Jun, 1239, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul, 1307, Burgh-On-Sands, Cumberland, England age 68 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    Last Modified 12 May 2017 
    Family ID F85  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Henry III
    Henry III

  • Sources 
    1. [S14] BBC, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/henry_iii_king.shtml (Reliability: 3).