Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

King Edward, I

King Edward, I

Male 1239 - 1307  (68 years)

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  • Name Edward  
    Title King 
    Suffix
    Born 17 Jun, 1239  Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    History A English king best known for his campaigns to subdue Wales and Scotland, Edward was also responsible for significant legal and administrative reform in England.

    Edward was born in June 1239 at Westminster, the son of Henry III. In 1254, he married Eleanor of Castile. Edward's early adulthood took place against a backdrop of civil strife between his father and rebel barons. Edward was himself held captive by rebel leader Simon de Montfort before escaping and leading royalist forces to victory at the Battle of Evesham in August 1265, where de Montfort was killed.

    In 1270, Edward left England to join the Eighth Crusade. His father died in 1272 and Edward returned to London, arriving in August 1274. He was determined to enforce his primacy in the British Isles. The first part of his reign was dominated by his campaigns in Wales. He invaded in 1277, defeated the Welsh leader, Llywelyn ap Gruffyd and built a ring of castles to enforce his authority. When his rule provoked rebellion, he invaded again. Gruffyd was killed in battle in 1282 and his brother David executed, ending Welsh hopes of independence. Wales was brought into the English legal and administrative framework and in 1301 Edward's son was proclaimed prince of Wales - a tradition that persists to this day.

    At home, Edward was responsible for a variety of legal and administrative reforms, asserting the rights of the Crown, promoting the uniform administration of justice and codifying the legal system. His military campaigns necessitated increases in taxation which in turn required more regular meetings of parliament - by the end of Edward's reign, these had become an established feature of political life. The desire for financial gain contributed to Edward's expulsion of Jews from England in 1290.

    In 1292, Edward was asked to arbitrate in a succession dispute in Scotland and nominated John Balliol as king. Balliol duly swore allegiance to Edward, but Edward's demands pushed the Scots into an alliance with France. Edward invaded and conquered Scotland. Opposition gathered around William Wallace, but he was captured by the English and executed in 1305. In 1306, the Scottish nobleman Robert the Bruce rebelled.

    Edward was on his way to fight Bruce when he died, on 7 July 1307.  [1
    History Edward I and Leonor de Castilla:
    King Edward I & his first wife had sixteen children:
    1. ELEANOR (Windsor Castle [17 Jun] 1264 or 1269-Ghent 12 Oct 1297, bur Westminster Abbey)
    2. JOAN (Paris or Abbeville, Ponthieu Summer 1265-in France before 7 Sep 1265, bur Westminster Abbey).
    3. JOHN (Windsor Castle or Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire or Winchester 10 Jun or 10 Jul 1266-1-3 Aug 1271, bur Westminster Abbey).
    4. HENRY (Windsor Castle 13 Jul [1267/68]-Merton, Surrey or Guildford Castle, Surrey 14 Oct 1274, bur Westminster Abbey).
    5. ALICE (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire ---- aged 12).
    6. JULIAN [Katherine] (Acre, Palestine 1271-Acre, Palestine 28 May or 5 Sep 1271, bur [Church of the Friars Preachers, Bordeaux).
    7. JOAN "of Acre" (Acre, Palestine Spring 1272-Clare Manor, Suffolk 23 Apr 1307, bur 26 Apr 1307 Priory Church of the Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk). ...
    8. ISABELLA (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire or Windsor Castle or Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire [12/15] Mar 1274-1279, bur Westminster Abbey).
    9. ALFONSO (Bayonne or Bordeaux or in Maine 24 Nov 1275-Windsor Castle 19 Aug 1284, bur Westminster Abbey).
    10. BERENGARIA (Kennington Palace, Surrey 1 May [1277]-[1277/79], bur Westminster Abbey).
    11. MARY (Windsor Castle 12 Mar or 22 Apr 1278-Amesbury Abbey before 8 Jul 1332, bur Amesbury Abbey).
    12. MARGARET (Windsor Castle 11 Sep [1279/80]-1318 or after 11 Mar 1333, bur Brussels, Saints Michael and Gudula).
    13. ELIZABETH (Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire Aug 1282-Quendon, Essex [5] May 1316, bur Walden Abbey, Essex). ...
    14. EDWARD "of Caernarvon" (Caernarvon Castle 25 Apr 1284-murdered Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire 21 Sep 1327, bur Gloucester Cathedral).
    15. BEATRICE (in Gascogne or Aquitaine after Aug 1286-young).
    16. BLANCHE ([1289/90]-young).
      [2
    Died 7 Jul, 1307  Burgh-On-Sands, Cumberland, England age 68 Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I178  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 12 May 2017 

    Father Henry, III Plantagenet,   b. 1 Oct, 1207, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov, 1272, Westminster Palace, London England age 65 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Eleonore De Provence,   b. 1223, Aix-enProvence, Provence-Alpes-Cote D'azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun, 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England age 68 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Family ID F85  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleanor de Castille,   b. 1223, Aix-en-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Cote D'azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun, 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England age 68 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Edward, II,   b. 25 Apr, 1284, Caemarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 21 Sept, 1327, Berkeley Castle, Gloucester, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
    Last Modified 12 May 2017 
    Family ID F84  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Edward I
    Edward I

  • Sources 
    1. [S14] BBC, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/edward_i_king.shtml.

    2. [S13] Genealogy-Knights from Continental Europe to England'Ireland, Patrick R. Knight, (http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/1336.htm).