Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

1st Earl of Somerset John Beaufort

1st Earl of Somerset John Beaufort

Male 1373 - 1410  (37 years)

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  • Name John Beaufort 
    Title 1st Earl of Somerset 
    Born 1373 
    Gender Male 
    History John Beaufort, 1st Marquess of Somerset and 1st Marquess of Dorset, later only 1st Earl of Somerset, KG (c. 1373 – 16 March 1410) was an English nobleman and politician. He was the first of the four children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, whom he married in 1396. Beaufort\'s surname probably reflects his father\'s lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France.[2][3][4]

    The Beaufort children were declared legitimate twice by parliament during the reign of King Richard II of England, in 1390 and 1397,[5] as well as by Pope Boniface IX in September 1396.[6] Even though they were the grandchildren of Edward III and next in the line of succession after their father\'s legitimate children by his first two wives, the Beauforts were barred from succession to the throne by their half-brother Henry IV.[7]
    Between May and September 1390, Beaufort saw military service in North Africa in the Barbary Crusade led by Louis II, Duke of Bourbon.[6] In 1394, he was in Lithuania serving with the Teutonic Knights.[8]

    John was created Earl of Somerset on 10 February 1397,[6][9] just a few days after the legitimation of the Beaufort children was recognized by Parliament. The same month, he was also appointed Admiral of the Irish fleet, as well as Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.[10] In May, his admiralty was extended to include the northern fleet. That summer, the new earl became one of the noblemen who helped Richard II free himself from the power of the Lords Appellant. As a reward, he was created Marquess of Somerset and Marquess of Dorset on 29 September, and sometime later that year he was made a Knight of the Garter and appointed Lieutenant of Aquitaine.[6] In addition, two days before his elevation as a Marquess he married the king\'s niece, Margaret Holland, sister of Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, another of the counter-appellants.[6] John remained in the king\'s favour even after his older half-brother Henry Bolingbroke (later Henry IV) was banished from England in 1398.

    Later career[edit]
    After Richard II was deposed by Henry Bolingbroke in 1399, the new king rescinded the titles that had been given to the counter-appellants, and thus John Beaufort became merely Earl of Somerset again. Nevertheless, he proved loyal to his half-brother\'s reign, serving in various military commands and on some important diplomatic missions. It was Beaufort who was given the confiscated estates of the Welsh rebel leader Owain Glynd?r in 1400, although he would not have been able to take possession of these estates unless he had lived until after 1415. In 1404, he was named Constable of England.

    John Beaufort and his wife Margaret Holland, the daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice FitzAlan, had six children. His granddaughter Lady Margaret Beaufort married Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, the son of Dowager Queen Catherine of Valois by Owen Tudor.

    Somerset died in the Hospital of St Katharine\'s by the Tower. He was buried in St Michael\'s Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral.

    His children included the following:

    Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset (1401 – 25 November 1418)
    John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset (baptized 25 March 1404 – 27 May 1444), father of Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, grandfather of King Henry VII of England
    Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland (1404 – 15 July 1445) married James I, King of Scots.
    Thomas Beaufort, Count of Perche (1405 – 3 October 1431)
    Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset (1406 – 22 May 1455)
    Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Devon (1409 – 1449) married Thomas de Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon.
    Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]
    As a legitimated grandson of the sovereign, Beaufort bore the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a bordure gobony argent and azure.[11]

    The family emblem featuring the portcullis was shown on the reverse of British pennies minted between 1971 and 2008.

    According to genealogists, a few of Beaufort\'s notable descendants include British actor Benedict Cumberbatch and codebreaker Alan Turing. Coincidentally, Cumberbatch portrayed Turing in the film The Imitation Game.[12]  [1
    History The House of Tudor is traced back to him and his father  [2
    Died 16 Mar 1410  Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried St Michael's Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I170  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 25 Feb 2018 

    Father John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster,   b. 6 Mar 1340, St. Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb,1399, Castle Leicester Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Katherine Swynford Roet, Duchess of Lancaster,   b. 25 Nov, 1350, Le Roeulx, Hainaut, Belgique Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May, 1403, England at 52 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F80  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret Holland 
    Last Modified 11 May 2017 
    Family ID F81  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    House of Tudor
    House of Tudor
    The Tudors descended on Henry VII\'s mother\'s side from John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, one of the illegitimate children of the 14th century English prince John of Gaunt (the third surviving son of Edward III) by Gaunt\'s long-term mistress Katherine Swynford. The descendants of an illegitimate child of English royalty would normally have no claim on the throne, but the situation became complicated when Gaunt and Swynford eventually married in 1396, when John Beaufort was 25.

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Beaufort,_1st_Earl_of_Somerset.

    2. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Tudor.