Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Guillaume I-III 'Towhead' (Tete d'etoupe', Duc d\'Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou

Guillaume I-III 'Towhead' (Tete d'etoupe', Duc d\'Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou

Male Abt 900 or 915) - 963

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  • Name Guillaume I-III 'Towhead' (Tete d'etoupe'  
    Suffix Duc d\'Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou 
    Born Abt 900 or 915) 
    Gender Male 
    History Guillaume I-III, called \'Towhead\' (\'Tête d\'étoupe\') from the colour of his hair, was born in Poitiers about 900, the son of Ebalus Mancer, comte de Poitou and Aremburgis. He claimed the duchy of Aquitaine on his father\'s death, but the royal chancery did not recognise his ducal title until the year before his own death. He was \'count of the duchy of Aquitaine\' from 959 and duke of Aquitaine from 962 to his death. He was also the count of Poitou (as Guillaume I) from 935 and count of Auvergne from 950. The primary sources for his reign are Ademar de Chabannes, Dudo of Saint-Quentin, and Guillaume of Jumièges.

    In 935 Guillaume married Gerloc of Normandy, daughter of Rollo, the Viking leader to whom Charles \'the Simple\' had given Normandy in 911. Rollo had died in 932. Guillaume and Gerloc (renamed Adele) had a son and heir Guillaume who would have progeny.

    Shortly after the death of King Raoul of France in 936, Guillaume was compelled to forfeit some land to Hugues \'the Great\', duke of The Franks, comte de Paris by Raoul\'s successor Louis IV \'d\'Outremer\'. He did it with grace, but his relationship with Hugues thenceforward deteriorated. In 950 Hugues was granted the duchies of Burgundy and Aquitaine. He tried to conquer Aquitaine with Louis\' assistance, but Guillaume defeated them. Lothar I, Louis\' successor as king of France, feared the power of Guillaume. In August 955 Lothar joined Hugues to besiege Poitiers, which resisted successfully. Guillaume, however, gave battle and was routed.

    After the death of Hugues in 956, his son Hugues Capet was named duke of Aquitaine, but he never tried to take up his fief, as Guillaume became reconciled with Lothar. Guillaume was given the abbey of Saint-Hilaire-le-Grand, which remained in his house after his death. He also built a library in the palace of Poitiers.

    Guillaume retired to the abbey of Saint-Cyprien in Poitiers and left the government to his son Guillaume II-IV. He died at Poitiers on 3 April 963.  [1
    History William III (915 – 3 April 963), called Towhead (French: Tête d\'étoupe, Latin: Caput Stupe) from the colour of his hair, was the \"Count of the Duchy of Aquitaine\" from 959 and Duke of Aquitaine from 962 to his death. He was also the Count of Poitou (as William I) from 935 and Count of Auvergne from 950. The primary sources for his reign are Ademar of Chabannes, Dudo of Saint-Quentin, and William of Jumièges.

    William was son of Ebalus Manzer and Emilienne. He was born in Poitiers. He claimed the Duchy of Aquitaine from his father\'s death, but the royal chancery did not recognise his ducal title until the year before his own death.

    Shortly after the death of King Rudolph in 936, he was constrained to forfeit some land to Hugh the Great by Louis IV. He did it with grace, but his relationship with Hugh thenceforward deteriorated. In 950, Hugh was reconciled with Louis and granted the duchies of Burgundy and Aquitaine. He tried to conquer Aquitaine with Louis\'s assistance, but William defeated them. Lothair, Louis\'s successor, feared the power of William. In August 955 he joined Hugh to besiege Poitiers, which resisted successfully. William, however, gave battle and was routed.

    After the death of Hugh, his son Hugh Capet was named duke of Aquitaine, but he never tried to take up his fief, as William reconciled with Lothair.

    He was given the abbey of Saint-Hilaire-le-Grand, which remained in his house after his death. He also built a library in the palace of Poitiers.

    Family background, marriage and issue[edit]
    His father was duke Ebles Manzer, who already was a man in his middle years when he was born in about 913. According to the chronicle of Ademar de Chabannes, William\'s mother was Geirlaug (French Gerloc), a daughter of Rollo of Normandy. (The less reliable Dodo has William rather than Ebles marrying Gerloc.)

    William III married a lady named Adèle, perhaps about 936, in a match that may have been arranged by William I of Normandy. With Adèle, he had at least one child whose filiation is clearly attested:

    William, his successor in Aquitaine. He abdicated to the abbey of Saint-Cyprien in Poitiers and left the government to his son.
    Many genealogies accept the high likelihood that they also had a daughter:

    Adelaide, who married Hugh Capet
    But her parentage is not reliably documented of their era and is regarded only as a good possibility by usual modern genealogical literature.  [2
    Died 3 Apr, 963 
    Person ID I1519  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 7 Feb 2018 

    Father Ebalus Mancer, Comte de Poitou, Duc d\'Aquitaine,   b. Abt 870,   d. 934  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Aremburgis (Emilienne),   d. yes 
    Relationship putative 
    Married Abt 892 
    Family ID F921  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Gerloc-Adele, of Normandy,   d. Aft 14 Oct 962 
    Married 935 
    Children 
    +1. Guillaume II-IV \'Fier a bras\', Duc d\'Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou,   b. 935,   d. 3 Feb, 993  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 7 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F920  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Guillaume I-III Duc d\'Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou
    Guillaume I-III Duc d\'Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020102&tree=LEO.

    2. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_III,_Duke_of_Aquitaine.