Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Lothar II, King of Lorraine

Lothar II, King of Lorraine

Male Abt 835 - 869  (~ 34 years)

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  • Name Lothar II  
    Suffix King of Lorraine 
    Born Abt 835 
    Gender Male 
    History Lothar II was born about 835, the second son of Emperor Lothar I, king of Lotharingia, and Irmengard de Tours. About 855 he married Teutberga, daughter of Boso \'the Old\', count of Arles. The marriage did not result in progeny.

    Upon his father\'s death in 855, Lothar received as his kingdom a territory west of the Rhine stretching from the North Sea to the Jura mountains. It became known as _Regnum Lotharii_ and early in the 10th century as Lotharingia or Lorraine (a designation subsequently applied only to the duchy of Lorraine). His elder brother Ludwig II received northern Italy and the title of Emperor, and his younger brother Karl received the western parts of his father\'s domains, Burgundy and the Provence.

    On the death of his brother Karl in 863, Lothar added some lands south of the Jura to his realm, but except for a few feeble expeditions against the Norman pirates he seems to have done little for its government or its defence.

    Lothar\'s reign was chiefly occupied by his efforts to obtain a divorce from his wife Teutberga, sister of Hugbert, count of Arles and lay abbott of the Abbey of Saint Maurice in Valais, and his relations with his uncles Charles \'the Bald\' and Ludwig II \'the German\' were influenced by his desire to obtain their support for this endeavour. Although quarrels and reconciliations between the three kings followed each other in quick succession, in general it may be said that Ludwig favoured the divorce, and Charles opposed it, while neither lost sight of the fact that Lothar had no sons to inherit his lands. Lothar, whose desire for the divorce was prompted by his affection for his mistress Waldrada, put aside Teutberga, but her brother Hugbert took up arms on her behalf, and after she had submitted successfully to the ordeal of water, Lothar was compelled to restore her in 858. Still pursuing his purpose, he won the support of his brother, Emperor Ludwig II, by a cession of lands and obtained the consent of the local clergy to the divorce and to his marriage with Waldrada which took place in 862.

    A synod of Frankish bishops met at Metz in 863 and confirmed the consent of the local clergy, but Teutberga fled to the court of her husband\'s uncle Charles \'the Bald\', and Pope Nicholas I voided the decision of the synod. An attack on Rome by Lothar\'s elder brother, Emperor Ludwig II, was without result, and in 865 Lothar, threatened with excommunication and convinced that his uncles Ludwig and Charles at their recent meeting had discussed the partition of his kingdom, again took back his wife. Teutberga, however, either from inclination or compulsion, now expressed her desire for a divorce, and Lothar went to Italy to obtain the assent of the new pope, Adrian II. Placing a favourable interpretation upon the words of the pope, he had set out on the return journey when he was seized with fever and died at Piacenza on 8 August 869.

    He left, by Waldrada, a son Hugo and three daughters, all of whom were declared illegitimate. Lothar intended Hugo to be his heir and in 867 Hugo became duke in the Elsass. Hugo fell in love with Friderada, wife of Bernhar, one of his followers. After having Bernhar killed, in 883 he married Friderada. In June 885 Hugo was blinded and became a monk in the Abbey of PrĂ¼m. Childless, Hugo died after 895.

    Only Lothar\'s daughter Bertha would have progeny, marrying first Theobald, count of Arles, a nephew of her father\'s wife Teutberga, then Adalbert, margrave of Tuscany, count of Canossa.

    Lothar\'s kingdom was divided between his uncles Charles \'the Bald\' and Ludwig \'the German\' by the Treaty of Meerssen.  [1
    Died 8 Aug, 869 
    Person ID I1485  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 5 Feb 2018 

    Father Lothar I, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Lotharingia,   b. Abt 795,   d. 29 Sep, 855, Prum, Eifel Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Irmgard, de Tours,   b. Abt 800,   d. 20 Mar, 851  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Married 15 Oct 821 
    Family ID F893  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Waldrada,   d. Aft 868 
    +1. Bertha, de Lorraine,   b. Abt 863,   d. 8 Mar, 925  (Age ~ 62 years)
    Last Modified 5 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F892  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Lothair II, King of Lotharingia
    Lothair II, King of Lotharingia

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020451&tree=LEO.