Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Berengar II, King of Italy

Berengar II, King of Italy

Male Bef 913 - 966  (~ 53 years)

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  • Name Berengar II  
    Suffix King of Italy 
    Born Bef 913 
    Gender Male 
    History Berengar was born before 913, the son of Adalbert \'the Rich\', margrave of Ivrea, and Gisela of Friaul. He became count of Ivrea in 925. Before 936 he married Willa of Tuscany, daughter of Boso of Arles, margrave of Tuscany, and they had three children of whom Adalbert and Rosela Roxana would have progeny.

    From the time of Berengar\'s successful uprising of the nobles in 945, all real power and patronage in the kingdom of Italy was concentrated in his hands. The king\'s power in Italy was nominal and, following the uprising. Berengar became the effective king of Italy upon the withdrawal to Provence of Hugo of Arles, who left his young son Lothar as titular king. Lothar\'s brief reign ended with his death in 950.

    Berengar then attempted to legitimise his rule in Lombardy by forcing Lothar\'s widow Aelis (Adelheid) de Bourgogne, the respective daughter, daughter-in-law, and widow of the last three kings of Italy, into marriage with his son Adalbert. Instead she entreated the protection of Otto, king of Germany. Berengar then seized the opportunity and declared himself king, with his son as co-king. The pleas by Aelis for intervention resulted in Otto\'s invasion of Italy in 951. He rescued Aelis, marrying her himself, and forced Berengar and Adalbert to do homage to him for their kingdom in 952. Otto received the homage of the Italian nobility and assumed the title of a king of the Lombards.

    Berengar and his son Adalbert remained kings as Otto\'s vassals. After 960 they attacked Pope John XII, on whose appeal Otto marched into Rome and was crowned emperor in 962. John\'s subsequent negotiations with Berengar caused Otto to depose the pope. After three years refuge in a mountain fortress, Berengar was sent as a prisoner to Bamberg in Bavaria, where he died on 6 August 966.

    His wife Willa had mistreated Aelis when Berengar held her captive for several months in 951. The chronicler Liutprand of Cremona, raised at his court at Pavia, gives several particularly vivid accounts of Willa\'s character. She was held captive in a German nunnery until her death after 966.  [1
    Died 6 Aug, 966 
    Person ID I1458  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2018 

    Father Adalbert \'The Rich\', Margrave of ivrea,   b. Abt 870,   d. Abt 923/924  (Age ~ 54 years) 
    Mother Gisela, of Fraul,   b. 880/885,   d. 13 Jun, 910  (Age 25 years) 
    Married Abt 900 
    Family ID F875  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Willa 'Little Red', of Tuscany,   b. Abt 911,   d. Aft 966  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Married Bef 968 
    +1. Queen Susanna (Rozala), of Italy,   b. Abt 955,   d. 7 Feb, 1003  (Age ~ 48 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F873  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Willa 'Little Red', of Tuscany,   b. Abt 911,   d. Aft 966  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    +1. Adalbert, Markgrave of Ivrea,   b. Abt 936,   d. Abt 972/975  (Age ~ 39 years)
    Last Modified 7 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F918  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Berengar II, King of Italy
    Berengar II, King of Italy

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas.