Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Agnes de Bourgogne

Agnes de Bourgogne

Female Abt 995 - 1068  (~ 73 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Agnes de Bourgogne 
    Born Abt 995 
    Gender Female 
    History Agnes was the daughter of Eudes Guillaume, count of Burgundy, and Ermentrud de Roucy. About 1018 she became the third wife of Guillaume III-V, duke of Aquitaine, one of the most powerful lords in France. They had four children who would have progeny: Pierre-Guillaume and Guy-Geoffriou who would both be dukes of Aquitaine, Agnès and Béatrice. After twelve years of marriage Guillaume died, leaving his widow and their young children, plus the three surviving children from his first two marriages.

    After her husband\'s death, Agnes lost her influence at the court of Poitiers since her sons were not heirs. In order for her to regain her position and ensure the future of her children, Agnes had to remarry. So she married Geoffrey II Martel, comte d\'Anjou, which was an attractive offer because his father was the powerful Foulques III \'Nerra\', comte d\'Anjou.

    In 1033, Geoffrey\'s troops invaded Poitou with the support of Agnes. Guillaume IV-VI \'le Gros\', duke of Aquitaine, the new count of Poitou, was captured in March. He was released only in 1036 against a large ransom and he died in 1038 without children. The county then passed to his half-brother, Agnes\' stepson Eudes de Poitou, who was already duke of Gascony. He went to war against Agnes, her husband and sons, but he was killed at the battle of Mauzé.

    The succeeding count of Poitou was Agnes\' son Pierre-Guillaume, who took the name of Guillaume V-VII Aigret. As he was too young, his mother governed in his place from 1039 to 1044. When she passed power to Guillaume, she arranged his marriage to Ermesinde de Longwy and took the opportunity to give her second son Guy-Geoffriou the duchy of Gascony. Agnes then joined Geoffrey in Anjou, and although she many not have actively participated in the government, she certainly influenced him.

    From 1043 to Christmas 1045 Agnes and Geoffrey stayed in Germany at the imperial court, so that her daughter Agnes could marry Emperor Heinrich III. They then accompanied the imperial court to Italy where they participated in the council of Sutri, which deposed two popes and chose Pope Clement II, who was quick to crown the emperor and empress. After a pilgrimage to Monte Garaño, in 1047, the couple returned to Poitou, where they founded the abbey of Nortre Dame at Saintes. Between 1047 and 1049 Agnes founded the abbey of Saint-Nicolas at Poitiers.

    Between 1049 and 1052 Agnes and Geoffrey separated after 18 years of marriage. The reasons are varied: the most logical is the absence of children, but a factor may also have been that the council of Reims in 1049 condemned certain marriage as incestuous and ruled that they had to separate; as well Geoffrey went to war against the king of France who little appreciated his vassal\'s tilt towards Germany, and it is quite possible that the king imposed on his vanquished vassal that he had to divorce his wife.

    Agnes returned to the court of Poitiers and her son Guillaume V-VII, over whom she had considerable influence. A war soon broke out between Anjou and Poitou which resulted in victory for Geoffrey II Martel in 1053. This would have probably never happened if Agnes had not divorced Geoffrey. In 1058 Guillaume V-VII left for another war against his former stepfather Geoffrey II, probably because Geoffrey had Agnes\' dowry given to his new wife Adelheid. Guillaume was on the verge of winning when he died of an illness in 1058.

    He was succeeded by his younger brother Guy-Geoffriou, who took the dynastic name of Guillaume VI-VIII. The young count had remained close to Geoffrey because he was the only father figure he had known, and he reconciled with Anjou. However, after Geoffrey\'s death Guillaume did not hesitate to attack his heirs and assume control of Saintonge from 1062. Agnes, despite her retirement, was still very active and travelled throughout Poitou to participate in donations or simply to see her son at the court of Poitiers.

    Agnes died on 10 November 1068. She was buried at Saint-Nicolas in Poitiers.  [1
    Died 10 Nov, 1068 
    Buried Saint Nicolas, Poitiers Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1389  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 8 Feb 2018 

    Father Eudes Guillaume (Otto), Comte de Bourgogne, Comte de Macon,   b. Abt 955,   d. 21 Sep, 1026  (Age ~ 71 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Ermentrud (Irmgard) de Roucy,   b. 958/59,   d. 5 Mar, 1003/4  (Age 45 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Married Abt 1018 
    Family ID F825  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Guillaume III-V \"le Grand\", Duc d\'Aquitaine 996-1030,   b. 960,   d. 31 Jan, 1030  (Age 70 years) 
    Married Abt 1018 
    Children 
    +1. Guillaume VII, born Peter, 'The Eagle' 'The Bold' De Poitiers,   b. 1023, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Sep 1086, France, age 63 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 8 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F824  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Geoffrey II Martel, Comte d\'Anjou,   b. 14 Oct, 1006,   d. 14 Nov 1067  (Age 61 years) 
    Married Jan 1032 
    Last Modified 8 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F934  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Guillaume III-V \"le Grand\", Duc d\'Aquitaine 996-1030,   b. 960,   d. 31 Jan, 1030  (Age 70 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Guillaume VIII de Poitiers, Duc D"Aquitaine,   b. 1023, Poitou_Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Sep 1086, Chateau de Chize, Poitou_Charentes, France, age 63 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F959  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Guillaume III-V \"le Grand\", Duc d\'Aquitaine 996-1030,   b. 960,   d. 31 Jan, 1030  (Age 70 years) 
    Married Abt 1018 
    Children 
    +1. Agnes, de Poitou,   b. Abt 1025,   d. 14 Dec 1077  (Age ~ 52 years)
    Last Modified 3 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1224  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Agnes de Bourgogne
    Agnes de Bourgogne

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020876&tree=LEO.