Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Louis I 'The Pious', Emperor Holy Roman Empire

Louis I 'The Pious', Emperor Holy Roman Empire

Male 778 - 840  (62 years)

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  • Name Louis I 'The Pious'  
    Suffix Emperor Holy Roman Empire 
    Nickname The Pious 
    Born 16 Apr, 778 
    Gender Male 
    History Louis was born on 16 April 778, the son of Emperor Charlemagne and Hildegardis. About 794 he married Irmingard/Ermengard, daughter of Ingram, Graf in Haspengau. Between 795 and 806 they had three sons and a daughter, all of whom would have progeny. Irmingard died in 818, and in the following year he married Judith, daughter of Welf, Graf in Bayern und Schwaben, Graf von Altdorf. They had a son and daughter who would both have progeny.

    As his father\'s only surviving son, Louis was crowned emperor by his father in 813 without assistance from the clergy. In 816 the pope anointed him. In 817 he issued the \'Ordinatio Imperii\' that effectively divided the Empire between his three sons. However this was not the only reason for the disintegration of the Carolingian Empire. High offices had become hereditary and so less subject to the emperor\'s favour. As well, the Vikings began raiding the Empire more frequently.

    Whereas Charlemagne had been a Frankish warrior, Louis saw himself as a servant of the Church. As a result, where the papal elections had previously required Imperial approval this was no longer the case under the rule of Louis.

    In 817 he brutally suppressed his nephew Bernard of Italy. However an indication of his guilt over the brutality is that in 821 he pardoned those involved in the uprising, only to have this interpreted by the Frankish nobles in 822 as a sign of weakness.

    By now he had lost control over both Church and nobility. With four sons he was also plagued by dynastic problems. His second wife, Judith, wanting the largest part of the empire for her son, joined forces with Louis\' sons Ludwig \'the German\' and Pippin, against Lothar the eldest son. Two factions developed in the empire, one wanting to keep it united and the other to continue the Frankish custom of dividing lands between all sons.

    In 829 Judith persuaded Louis to set aside his settlement of 817 and include her son Charles in the partition of the Empire. However, Ludwig and Pippin, jealous of Charles\' portion, joined forces with Lothar their eldest brother, and in 830 rebelled against their father.

    The eldest three sons, supported by Pope Gregory IV, defeated their father in 833. Lothar was restored as emperor designate and Louis was forced to perform a humiliating penance. However, Ludwig and Pippin were still dissatisfied and again took up arms. In 838 Pippin died, followed in 840 by Louis. Finally in 843 at Verdun the Frankish tradition triumphed and the empire was divided between the three surviving sons.  [1
    Died 20 Jun, 840  Island in the Rhine Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1102  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 30 Jan 2018 

    Father Charlemagne, King of the Francs, King of the Lombards, Emperor of the Romans,   b. 2 Apr 742/48, Frankish Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Man 814, Aachen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Mother Hildegard of the Vinzgau, Queen Holy Roman Empire,   b. c. 754,   d. 30 Apr 783  (Age ~ 29 years) 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F659  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Judith, of Bavaria,   b. Abt 800,   d. 19 Apr, 843, Tours Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Charles 'The Bald', Emperor Holy Roman Empire 875-877,   b. 13 Jun, 823, Frankfurt am Main Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Oct, 877, Avrieux, Mt. Cenis Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)  [putative]
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F658  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Hildegard of the Vinzgau, Queen Holy Roman Empire,   b. c. 754,   d. 30 Apr 783  (Age ~ 29 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Lothar I, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Lotharingia,   b. Abt 795,   d. 29 Sep, 855, Prum, Eifel Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years)
    Last Modified 8 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F690  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Judith, of Bavaria,   b. Abt 800,   d. 19 Apr, 843, Tours Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Gisla, de France,   b. 819,   d. Aft 1 Aug 874  (Age 55 years)
    Last Modified 5 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F883  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Irmingard (ermengard),   d. 3 Oct, 818 
    Children 
    +1. Rotrude,   b. 800/804,   d. yes
    Last Modified 7 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F926  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
    +1. Alpais (Alpheidis),   d. yes
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F947  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Irmingard (ermengard),   d. 3 Oct, 818 
    Married Abt 784 
    Children 
    +1. Ludwig II (Louis II) 'the German', King of the East-Franks,   b. Abt 806,   d. 28 Aug 876  (Age ~ 70 years)
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F1274  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Louis I \'The Pious\', King of the Franks and co-Emperor Holy Roman Empire
    Louis I \'The Pious\', King of the Franks and co-Emperor Holy Roman Empire

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020040&tree=LEO.