Ellie Wood Keith Genealogy

Egbert of Wessex, King of England

Egbert of Wessex, King of England

Male Abt 775 - 839  (~ 64 years)

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  • Name Egbert of Wessex 
    Suffix King of England 
    Born Abt 775 
    Gender Male 
    History Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric\'s death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne.
    Little is known of the first 20 years of Ecgberht\'s reign, but it is thought that he was able to maintain the independence of Wessex against the kingdom of Mercia, which at that time dominated the other southern English kingdoms. In 825 Ecgberht defeated Beornwulf of Mercia, ended Mercia\'s supremacy at the Battle of Ellandun, and proceeded to take control of the Mercian dependencies in southeastern England. In 829 he defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. Later that year Ecgberht received the submission of the Northumbrian king at Dore. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle subsequently described Ecgberht as a bretwalda or \'wide-ruler\' of Anglo-Saxon lands.
    Ecgberht was unable to maintain this dominant position, and within a year Wiglaf regained the throne of Mercia. However, Wessex did retain control of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey; these territories were given to Ecgberht\'s son Æthelwulf to rule as a subking under Ecgberht. When Ecgberht died in 839, Æthelwulf succeeded him; the southeastern kingdoms were finally absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex after Æthelwulf\'s death in 858.  [1
    History Egbert was the son of Ealhmund, king in Kent. In the 780s he was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, and sought refuge at the Frankish court. There he met and married Raedburh (also known as Redburga), who may have been a niece of Charlemagne. On Beorhtric\'s death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. He and Redburga had a son Aethelwulf who would succeed him and have progeny.

    Little is known of the first twenty years of Egbert\'s reign, but it is thought that he was able to maintain Wessex\'s independence against the kingdom of Mercia, which at that time dominated the other southern English kingdoms. In 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia at the battle of Ellendun, and proceeded to take control of the Mercian dependencies in south-eastern England. In 829 Egbert defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. Later that year Egbert received the submission of the Northumbrian king at Dore, near Sheffield. The _Anglo-Saxon Chronicle_ subsequently described Egbert as a \'Bretwalda\', or \'Ruler of Britain\'.

    Egbert was unable to maintain this dominant position, and within a year Wiglaf regained the throne of Mercia. However, Wessex did retain control of Kent, Sussex and Surrey; these territories were given to Egbert\'s son Aethelwulf to rule as a sub-king under Egbert. When Egbert died in 839, probably in his 60s, Aethelwulf succeeded him; the south-eastern kingdoms were finally absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex after Aethelwulf\'s death in 959.  [2
    Died 4 Feb 839 
    Person ID I1037  Ellie Wood Keith
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2018 

    Father Ealhmund, of Kent,   d. 786 
    Relationship putative 
    Relationship putative 
    Family ID F603  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Redburga,   d. yes 
    Children 
    +1. King AEthewulf, of England 839-855,   b. Abt 795-890,   d. 13 May, 858  [putative]
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F602  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    King Egbert of England
    King Egbert of England

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecgberht,_King_of_Wessex.

    2. [S64] Genealogics, Leo Van de Pas, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00049984&tree=LEO.